Current Events Related to Global Warming
According to the EPA, the global temperature increased between 0.7 and 1.5 degrees Fahrenheit (0.4 to 0.8 degrees Celsius) during the twentieth century. There is speculation that global warming caused the massive heat wave in Europe in 2003, which killed more than 25,000 people. The IPCC predicts that in another hundred years, the earth could be 2 to 10 degrees Fahrenheit warmer.
In U.S. politics, Democrats and the Green Party generally support legislation that they believe will curb global warming. This includes tighter emissions caps for industry, more fuel-economy in vehicles, and stronger government sponsorship for research and development of renewable energy sources. Republicans tend to oppose these efforts, citing economic concerns that include higher energy costs, a decrease in jobs, and the potential for an economic depression. However, some legislation has been non-partisan.
In 2001, President George W. Bush withdrew from the Kyoto Protocol, and called for voluntary reductions in greenhouse gas emissions. Opponents of the president's actions include the Sierra Club, the World Wildlife Fund, the Union of Concerned Scientists, Greenpeace, and others. Some of these groups have joined forces with Massachusetts along with eleven other states and three major U.S. cities in suing the EPA to uphold the federal Clean Air Act and require greenhouse gas emissions to be regulated.