History of Energy
- What is energy? // Monkeyshines on America;Nov99 Alternative Energy Sources, p2
Discusses facts about energy. Definition of terms; Unit of measurement.
- How do we use energy? // Monkeyshines on America;Nov99 Alternative Energy Sources, p3
Discusses various ways of using energy. Living and non-livign things that use energy; Conservation of energy.
- A critical thickness condition for a strained compliant substrate/epitaxial film system. Freund, L. B.; Nix, W. D. // Applied Physics Letters;7/8/96, Vol. 69 Issue 2, p173
The physical system under study is a single crystal film grown epitaxially on a substrate of comparable thickness which is constrained to remain flat. In general, the layers are strained due to a mismatch in lattice parameter between the film and substrate materials. The free energy change of...
- What Is Force? Dalton, Cindy Devine; Sikora, Teresa; Sikora, Ed // Force & Motion;2001, p8
The article describes force. The more mass an object has, the more force it takes to move it. The faster an object moves, the more force required to stop it.
- Use of the microindentation technique for determining interfacial fracture energy. Rosenfeld, L. G.; Ritter, J. E.; Lardner, T. J.; Lin, M. R. // Journal of Applied Physics;4/1/1990, Vol. 67 Issue 7, p3291
Presents a study which determined the interfacial fracture energy of epoxy coatings on soda-lime glass substrates using microindentation technique. Model for calculating fracture energy; Amounts of opening and shear loadings at the debond crack tip; Comparison with values determined by the...
- dyÂ·namÂ·ics. // American Heritage Student Science Dictionary;2009, p105
A definition of the term "dynamics" is presented. It refers to the branch of physics that deals with the effects of forces on the motions of bodies.
- A novel method for determining the anchoring energy function at a nematic liquid crystal-wall interface from director distortions at high fields. Yokoyama, H.; van Sprang, H. A. // Journal of Applied Physics;5/15/1985, Vol. 57 Issue 10, p4520
Presents a method for determining the anchoring energy function at a nematic liquid crystal-wall interface from director distortions at high fields. Theory of the determination of the anchoring energy function; Discussion of findings.
- Analytical model for island growth in atomic layer deposition using geometrical principles. Nilsen, O.; Mohn, C. E.; Kjekshus, A.; Fjellvåg, H. // Journal of Applied Physics;7/15/2007, Vol. 102 Issue 2, p024906
Island growth has been shown to also occur for atomic layer deposition (ALD) processes. This article presents a relatively simple analytical model using geometrical principles with few independent variables on evolution of thickness and roughness in island-dominated ALD processes. The model is...
- dry cell. // Hutchinson Dictionary of Scientific Biography;2005, p1
Source of electromotive force which does not contain a liquid. Usually taken to imply the LeclanchÃ© type of metal and paste cell.