TITLE

A Serial, Cross-Sectional Comparison of Condomless Anal Sex and HIV Testing Among Young MSM in Beirut, Lebanon

AUTHOR(S)
Wagner, Glenn; Ghosh-Dastidar, Bonnie; El Khoury, Cynthia; Abi Ghanem, Carol; Mutchler, Matt G.; Balan, Elie; Green, Harold; Kegeles, Susan; Mokhbat, Jacques
PUB. DATE
January 2020
SOURCE
Archives of Sexual Behavior;Jan2020, Vol. 49 Issue 1, p321
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
journal article
ABSTRACT
In 2012, our research with young men who have sex with men (YMSM) in Beirut showed high rates of recent condomless anal sex and low rates of recent HIV testing. In 2017, we collected data from YMSM to assess for temporal changes and sociodemographic correlates. Propensity score weighting was used to eliminate any sociodemographic differences between the 2012 (n = 164) and 2017 (n = 226) samples of YMSM (age 18-29) recruited with long-chain peer referral sampling. Regression analysis was used to examine sociodemographic correlates of recent condomless anal sex and HIV testing using the 2017 sample, and whether these behaviors differed between the samples. Compared to the 2012 sample, the 2017 sample was about half as likely to report any condomless anal sex in the past 3 months with partners whose HIV status was positive or unknown (14% vs. 23%; OR [95%CI] 0.56 [0.32, 0.98]), and nearly 2.5 times as likely to report HIV testing in the past 6 months (48% vs. 27%; OR [95%CI] 2.44 [1.46, 4.10]). In the 2017 sample, any recent condomless anal sex with partners whose HIV status was positive or unknown was associated with employment and Christian religious affiliation. Low income was the sole correlate of having recently tested for HIV. These findings suggest a temporal trend toward increased HIV protective behaviors among YMSM in Beirut over the past 5 years. Further inroads could be secured if HIV prevention programming targeted economic influences.
ACCESSION #
141680423

 

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