Población, trabajo y desarrollo en Brasil, oportunidades y desafíos

Salvadori Dedecca, Claudio
September 2012
Estudios Sociológicos;sep-dic2012, Vol. 30 Issue 90, p835
Academic Journal
This essay debates on the current pattern of growth of the Brazilian economy, which has stimulated the labor market, both by increasing the degree of formalization of employment contracts, and for the continuous reduction of inequality in the distribution of disposable income. Positive results in economic and social terms have so far been insufficient to alter the picture of high socioeconomic inequality in Brazil, requiring, therefore, to make a reflection on the limits, opportunities and challenges in social terms presented by the current growth. By 2030, Brazil will live with a trend of decreasing dependency rate of inactive-actives, despite the aging of its population structure. Growth needs to be able to reduce informality and unemployment and incorporate the increase in the economically active population. Also, it must be supported by institutions that reinforce and extend the recent trajectory of reducing inequality and poverty. This could allow the country to succeed economically and socially in the next decade. Also, the positive outcome depends on the capacity of Brazilian society confront the challenges through consolidation of appropriate institutions for development with social justice. Facing these challenges is the main concern of the essay.


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