Readability of NIMH Easy-to-Read Patient Education Materials

Adkins, Angela D.; Elkins, Ericka N.; Singh, Nirbhay N.
September 2001
Journal of Child & Family Studies;Sep2001, Vol. 10 Issue 3, p279
Academic Journal
Functional illiteracy not only affects the illiterate person's quality of life, it also contributes to billions of dollars in higher hospital costs in this country. Taking just the Medicare patients alone as a reference group, illiteracy may cost the healthcare system from $8 billion to $15 billion a year in increased hospitalization rates. It has been estimated that additional health care expenditures due to illiteracy and marginal literacy was about $78 billion health care dollars in 1998. Reading level is the instructional level of the written materials. It is assumed that an average person must have an 8th grade reading level to be able to meet the literacy demands of the U.S. society. The readability of the National Institute of Mental Health pamphlets clustered around the 80% acceptability level, suggesting that the materials were written and presented in a manner that enhanced comprehension. In RAIN, audience appropriateness refers to the degree of the writer's consideration of the target readers' knowledge of vocabulary and subject matter, and is assessed by counting the presence of new vocabulary, and highlighting of new vocabulary, definitions of new vocabulary, and synonyms for new vocabulary. Defining mental health terms is a critical variable in readability because it provides readers with important clues to understanding the text.


Related Articles

  • Focus on psychiatry in India. Thara, R.; Padmavati, R.; Srinivasan, T. N. // British Journal of Psychiatry;Apr2004, Vol. 184, p366 

    The article offers an overview of the state of psychiatry and mental health research in India. It focuses on the conditions of schizophrenia, acute psychoses, minor mental morbidity and drug misuse in the country. The Indian government provides medical services at nominal or no cost, which...

  • Workplace health promotion and utilization of health services: follow-up data findings. Deitz, Diane; Cook, Royer; Hersch, Rebekah // Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research;Jul-Sep2005, Vol. 32 Issue 3, p306 

    This article reports findings from a workplace substance abuse prevention program designed to investigate best practices. The study sought to assess the effects of the worksite wellness program and employee assistance program (EAP) on healthcare utilization and costs, identify predictors of...

  • The impact of lifestyle health risk on the bottom line: A case study. Papale, Mary Anne; Lawless, Grant D. // Employee Benefits Journal;Sep93, Vol. 18 Issue 3, p19 

    Shows the positive correlation between participation in a health promotion program and control of health care utilization and costs. Health Promotion Services' Lifestyle Advantage program; Health risk factor areas studied; Personal health counseling; Suggested program modifications to address...

  • Program to keep county employees healthy, reduce health care costs.  // Munday Courier (TX);2/18/2009, Vol. 36 Issue 11, p3 

    The article reports on the Health County program to reduce health care costs and obesity rates in Knox County, Texas.

  • Plan complements disease management program.  // Patient Education Management;Dec2007, Vol. 14 Issue 12, p141 

    The article reports that the ComplexCare program from Health Management Corp. are helping members with chronic diseases in learning how to manage their conditions to minimize health care costs.

  • Higher health premiums on the way. Reed, Vita // Las Vegas Business Press;02/02/98, Vol. 15 Issue 5, p1 

    Reports why employers in Southern Nevada, Las Vegas might want to brace for higher health care costs in 1998. Projected range for Health Plan of Nevada; Reason for the higher premiums.

  • The structure and content of telephonic scripts found useful in a Medicaid Chronic Disease Management Program. ROTH, ALEXIS M.; ACKERMANN, RONALD T.; DOWNS, STEPHEN M.; DOWNS, ANNE M.; ZILLICH, ALAN J.; HOLMES, ANN M.; KATZ, BARRY P.; MURRAY, MICHAEL D.; INUI, THOMAS S. // Chronic Illness;Jun2010, Vol. 6 Issue 2, p83 

    In 2003, the Indiana Office of Medicaid Policy and Planning launched the Indiana Chronic Disease Management Program (ICDMP), a programme intended to improve the health and healthcare utilization of 15,000 Aged, Blind and Disabled Medicaid members living with diabetes and/or congestive heart...

  • Informed, empowered consumers can lower health care costs. Bailey Hutchison, Kay // Grand Saline Sun (TX);6/21/2007, Vol. 111 Issue 25, p4 

    The article comments on the key role of education in empowering consumers to make informed choices about health care options and in reducing medical costs in the U.S. in 2007.

  • Winning at Wellness Programs Might Require Figuring in Fittest Folks. Henneman, Todd // Workforce;Sep2013, Vol. 92 Issue 9, p19 

    The article reports that Colorado introduced an employee-wellness program in 2007 to decrease the healthcare costs. It mentions that the health-promotion initiative developed into a large program with competitions, incentives and health screenings. It mentions that the health insurance cost...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics