Iraq and Iran

Farndorn, John
January 2003
Geography (1-59084-465-3);2003, p32
Book Chapter
Iran is the largest non-Arabic country in the Middle East. Iran was once called Persia and was ruled by the Shah. The Islamic religious views of Ayatollah Khomeini played a key role in the revolution of 1979. Iran is famous for its Persian carpets. Their first export is oil. Iraq was once called Mesopotamia. Since 1979, Iraq was ruled by Saddam Hussein. In 1991, he invaded Kuwait and started the Gulf War. United Nations sanctions that were applied after the war restricted trade with Iraq. These sanctions arguably affected the people of Iraq more than Saddam.


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