Reaping the economic benefits of immigration

January 2008
OECD Economic Surveys: Netherlands;Jan2008, Vol. 2008 Issue 1, p119
Country Report
Book Chapter
The Netherlands has been an immigration country since the 1960s. In the past decade, poor economic integration and weak labour market performance of immigrants have induced policy changes aimed at making immigration policy more selective. More restrictive measures for family-related migration were introduced that led to a reduced inflow of immigrants from non-Western countries which, in combination with higher emigration of natives, resulted in net migration outflows in recent years. A new entry scheme was enacted to facilitate entry of high-skilled workers, but at this time it is difficult to ascertain whether this has led to an increase in the inflow of such workers. Rising labour market demand for low-skilled labour has mostly been filled by workers from the new EU member states, which seems to have had limited impact on labour market changes of native workers. This chapter examines how immigration policy could be further improved to meet the needs of the labour market and how the economic integration of immigrants could be enhanced.


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