Arab-Israeli Wars

Rose, Gideon
January 1996
Reader's Companion to Military History;1996, p26
Book Chapter
The extension of European nationalism to Jews yielded Zionism, a movement to re-create a Jewish nation in the lands of the Bible. The Arab world strongly opposed this development, however, and when the British decided to disregard their role in the Arab-Israeli conflict in 1947-1948, the stage was set for a direct confrontation. The United Nations proposed the creation of both a Jewish and an Arab state in Palestine, but the Arabs refused. When the state of Israel was proclaimed in May 1948, forces from the surrounding countries attacked together. Ironically, for all their military success against Arab armies, in the late 1980s, the Israelis found themselves at a loss when confronted with the spontaneous uprising of Palestinian civilians known as the Intifada. The signing of the Declaration of Principles in 1993 inaugurated a new era of relations between Israelis and Palestinians, followed in 1994 by the Israeli-Jordanian peace treaty.


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