Chapter 3: Immigration to North America

McDaniel, Jan
January 2004
Indian Immigration;2004, p12
Book Chapter
Often referred to as a "nation of immigrants," the United States has become a popular destination for Indian immigrants. The same is true for Canada-especially in recent years, as Indians have become one of the largest immigrant groups. In both countries, there has been a gradual historic move toward an "open-door" immigration policy regarding Indians. Historically, race and ethnicity have played a role in legislation to restrict immigration. Until the 1920's, no numerical restrictions on immigration existed in the United States, although health restrictions applied. In 1917 a prohibition was added to the law against the immigration of people from Asia. The Immigration Act of 1924, preceded by the Temporary Quota Act of 1921, set new numerical limits on immigration based on "national origin." In 1951, annual immigration from India to Canada averaged 150 people per year. In 1972, Canada accepted 7000 Indians as political refugees. India ranked second as a source country of immigrants to Canada, behind China.


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