An overview of the necessities involved in sperm donation: donors' and recipients' ethical commitments

Jahromi Kashafi, E.
January 2014
Journal of Jahrom University of Medical Sciences;1/15/2014, Vol. 11, p142
Academic Journal
Introduction: Assisted reproductive technologies (ART) have become increasingly popular over the past several decades. The advances in human sperm cryopreservation in the past 50 years and the creation of sperm banks have facilitated the increase in artificial insemination with donor sperm (AID). In cases of severe male infertility, the use of donor sperm is the only approach to infertility treatment. Sperm donation is indicated in cases of untreatable male infertility, and inheritable diseases. The preferred source for sperm donation is a certified sperm bank that allows for anonymous donation. All men should be screened for the presence of HIV-1 and HIV-2 antibodies, HbsAg, HVC antibodies, and syphilis by serologic tests. Ethical issues on sperm donation have been widely discussed in different cultures. Donors must consider 1) why they have agreed to help the recipient, 2) how many families or offspring they are willing to help conceive, 3) who will have access to their sperm, 4) what information the offspring should know about the donor, 5) whether they want to be contacted by the recipient or offspring and 6) what they will tell their own children. Recipients must consider 1) whether their partners have agreed to use donor sperm, 2) whether their fertility situation has been properly assessed, 3) what they will tell the newborn child, 4) how much interaction they want the donor to have with the child and 5) what they will do if donation is not successful. Materials and Methods: The present study has used library methodology. Relevant published articles were reviewed for this study. Results: As previous research has shown, sperm donation may get exposed rapidly. So, it is recommended that children learn about the recipient's beliefs through them. Conclusion: Ultimately, assisted reproductive technologies goal is to help infertile couples conceive healthy children. To this end, integrating the participants' perspectives will be both healthy and constructive when we formulate ethical procedures and regulations.


Related Articles

  • To know or not to know the identity of gametes donors? The UK and European legal context. Shenfield, Françoise // Journal of Assisted Reproduction & Genetics;Apr2004, Vol. 21 Issue 4, p95 

    Discusses legal issues involved in the debate over whether to reveal the identity of gametes donors in Great Britain and Europe. Interaction of law and ethics; Elements of the Human Fertilization and Embryology Act; Focus on the right to privac; Need to balance the rights to privacy against the...

  • Hostility grows to identifying egg and sperm donors:.  // BMJ: British Medical Journal;3/7/2015, Vol. 350 Issue 7998, p1 

    The article reports on the increasing public opposition to the proposed Irish legislation, Children and Family Relationships Bill, which aims to prohibit anonymous egg and sperm donations in Ireland.

  • Report: Could You Be Denied IVF?  // Self;May2015, Vol. 37 Issue 5, p20 

    The article reports a case of discrimination by the insurance companies & state legislatures by deciding which women will get the treatment of infertility. It also focuses on insurance covering rules for infertility treatment as it covers only for in vivo fertilization (IVF), while the...

  • Gamete and Embryo Donation and Surrogacy in Australia: The Social Context and Regulatory Framework. Hammarberg, Karin; Johnson, Louise; Petrillo, Tracey // International Journal of Fertility & Sterility;Jan-Mar2011, Vol. 4 Issue 4, p176 

    The social and legal acceptability of third-party reproduction varies around the world. In Australia, gamete and embryo donation and surrogacy are permitted within the regulatory framework set out by federal and state governments. The aim of this paper is to describe the social context and...

  • New link between abortion, infertility.  // National Catholic Reporter;1/28/94, Vol. 30 Issue 13, p10 

    Reports on bioethical debates in Great Britain elicited by discovery of a treatment for infertility requiring the fertilization of eggs from aborted female fetuses. Success of previous experiments with infertile animals; Denouncement of the technology by antiabortion groups.

  • Possible people, complaints, and the distinction between genetic planning and genetic engineering. Delaney, James J. // Journal of Medical Ethics;Jul2011, Vol. 37 Issue 7, p410 

    Advances in the understanding of genetics have led to the belief that it may become possible to use genetic engineering to manipulate the DNA of humans at the embryonic stage to produce certain desirable traits. Although this currently cannot be done on a large scale, many people nevertheless...

  • Effects of Sexual Orientation on Fertility Treatment Outcome.  // Fertility Weekly;7/28/2014, p3 

    The article discusses the study conducted in Sweden suggesting that sexual orientation of a woman taking treatment of fertility using sperm donation has no bearing on her fertility. The study involves 124 heterosexual couple and 168 lesbians underwent sperm donation treatment in 2005 to 2008. It...

  • Ethics briefings. Davies, Martin; Brannan, Sophie; Chrispin, Eleanor; English, Veronica; Mussell, Rebecca; Sheather, Julian C. // Journal of Medical Ethics;Jul2013, Vol. 39 Issue 7, p483 

    The article discusses three issues related to medical ethics in Great Britain. Nuffield Council on Bioethics (NCB) released a report on improving the quantity and quality of information available about sperm donors. United Nations (UN) Special Rapporteur on Torture Juan Mendez presented his...

  • How to kill gamete donation: retrospective legislation and donor anonymity. Pennings, Guido // Human Reproduction;Oct2012, Vol. 27 Issue 10, p2881 

    Victoria (Australia) is considering retrospective legislation on the abolition of gamete donor anonymity. Retrospective legislation evokes many negative emotions mainly because it is considered unfair. It also makes it impossible for citizens to organize their life with reasonable certainty of...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics