Modeling Regional-Scale Wildland Fire Emissions with the Wildland Fire Emissions Information System*

French, Nancy H. F.; McKenzie, Donald; Erickson, Tyler; Koziol, Benjamin; Billmire, Michael; Endsley, K. Arthur; Yager Scheinerman, Naomi K.; Jenkins, Liza; Miller, Mary Ellen; Ottmar, Roger; Prichard, Susan
September 2014
Earth Interactions;Sep2014, Vol. 18 Issue 16, p1
Academic Journal
As carbon modeling tools become more comprehensive, spatial data are needed to improve quantitative maps of carbon emissions from fire. The Wildland Fire Emissions Information System (WFEIS) provides mapped estimates of carbon emissions from historical forest fires in the United States through a web browser. WFEIS improves access to data and provides a consistent approach to estimating emissions at landscape, regional, and continental scales. The system taps into data and tools developed by the U.S. Forest Service to describe fuels, fuel loadings, and fuel consumption and merges information from the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and National Aeronautics and Space Administration on fire location and timing. Currently, WFEIS provides web access to Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) burned area for North America and U.S. fire-perimeter maps from the Monitoring Trends in Burn Severity products from the USGS, overlays them on 1-km fuel maps for the United States, and calculates fuel consumption and emissions with an open-source version of the Consume model. Mapped fuel moisture is derived from daily meteorological data from remote automated weather stations. In addition to tabular output results, WFEIS produces multiple vector and raster formats. This paper provides an overview of the WFEIS system, including the web-based system functionality and datasets used for emissions estimates. WFEIS operates on the web and is built using open-source software components that work with open international standards such as keyhole markup language (KML). Examples of emissions outputs from WFEIS are presented showing that the system provides results that vary widely across the many ecosystems of North America and are consistent with previous emissions modeling estimates and products.


Related Articles

  • Carbon Neutral:.  // Hardwood Floors Magazine;Oct/Nov2009, Vol. 22 Issue 5, p20 

    The article presents information on the phrase carbon neutral. It states that the phrase was considered as the 2006 Word Of The Year by the "New Oxford American Dictionary." It mentions that companies and countries which try to be carbon neutral avoid carbon emissions in order to offset...

  • Advancing a Market for Zero-Energy Homes. Farhar, Barbara C. // Solar Today;Jan/Feb2008, Vol. 22 Issue 1, p24 

    The article reports that U.S. policymakers, businesses, and citizens are serious about addressing the global climate crisis through carbon-mitigation efforts. According to the Department of Energy, buildings account for 71% of electricity used in the country. The annual carbon dioxide emissions...

  • Europe to capture carbon. Schiermeier, Quirin // Nature;1/17/2008, p232 

    The article reports on the directive proposal submitted by the European Commission regarding the carbon-dioxide capture and storage (CCS) technology to reduce emissions in Europe. Accordingly, the proposal is the first attempt anywhere in the world to provide a comprehensive legal framework for...

  • Research on Chinese Emissions Trading System Pilots. Yang Su; Zhao Tian // Advanced Materials Research;2014, Vol. 1073-1076, p2779 

    Climate change has become one of the most concerned problems throughout the world. Since carbon trading is an essential way to reduce the emission, China has conducted seven ETS pilots and the size of market as well as the level of activity is in the world-leading status. Now Chinese carbon...

  • Using decomposition analysis to evaluate the performance of China's 30 provinces in CO emission reductions over 2005-2009. Kang, Jidong; Zhao, Tao; Ren, Xiaosong; Lin, Tao // Natural Hazards;Dec2012, Vol. 64 Issue 2, p999 

    This paper aims to evaluate the carbon dioxide (CO) emissions reduction performance of 30 mainland provinces in China over 2005-2009. First, the log-mean Divisia index (LMDI) technique is used to decompose the changes in CO emissions at the provincial level into 4 effects that are carbon...

  • We can afford to go green. Giles, Jim // New Scientist;12/5/2009, Vol. 204 Issue 2737, p8 

    The article discusses research on carbon footprint reduction in Great Britain. It references a study published in the 2009 issue of "Energy Economics." The study utilized historic economic data in order to predict the effect of emissions reductions on prices of goods and services. The...

  • WARMING TO THE ISSUE. Sibillin, Anthony // BRW;8/5/2010, Vol. 32 Issue 30, p29 

    The article discusses the decision of the federal government to debate the issue of climate risk in Australia in 2010. It says that some individuals are pushing for a revival of the scheme proposed by the government, which the opposition parties thwarted in the U.S. Senate in 2009. According to...

  • Obama To Propose U.S. Emission Cuts At Copenhagen Talks. Holly, Chris // Energy Daily;11/18/2009, p1 

    The article reports on the proposals for emissions reductions to be submitted by the U.S. and China at the December 2009 climate summit in Copenhagen, Denmark. According to U.S. President Barack Obama, they intend to produce a political accord to rally the world around a solution to global...

  • Ready, steady, slow. Thomas, Miles // Utility Week;12/7/2012, p20 

    The author asserts that it does not make sense to insist that new combined cycle gas turbine (CCGT) plants are carbon capture ready 30 years before they have to be at a time when Great Britain desperately need new capacity. He looks at carbon capture and storage's (CCS) ability to deliver...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics