Morphometric measurements of calcaneus; Boehler's angle and relationship of the bone with anteroposterior length

Otag, I.; Tetiker, H.; Tastemur, Y.; Sabanciogullari, V.; Kosar, M. I.; Cimen, M.
September 2014
Anatomy: International Journal of Experimental & Clinical Anatom;2014 Suppl, Vol. 8, pS70
Academic Journal
Measurements of bones give us information about the individual and the population it belongs to. In these studies, in addition to head and pelvis skeleton, calcaneus bone is also one of the other studied body bones as it can be preserved well. In the present study, 65 (35 right-30 left) well-preserved calcaneus bones were evaluated in Anatomy Laboratories of Cumhuriyet University and Mugla Sıtkı Kocman University. With these bones, 10 linear measurements were made and Boehler's angle was measured. In calcaneus measurements, right-left side difference was determined in body height (BH) of the bone (p<0.05). Boehler's angle was found 20-400, and a significant correlation was found between Boehler's angle and minimum width (MINW) of the bone (p<0.01). A significant correlation was detected between all other linear bone measurements except for anteroposterior maximum length (MAXL) of calcaneus and width of calcaneal sulcus (WSC) (p<0.01). By regression of calcaneus measurements, anteroposterior length of the bone can be calculated up to 1mm. Calcaneus is one of the bones commonly used by anthropologists and forensic scientists as it is preserved well. Morphometric values of calcaneus and the analyses made shall contribute to anatomy science, orthopedic surgery, kinesiology and forensic sciences.


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