Obesity Index and Its Related Factors in Middle School Students

Hye kyeong Yang; Milye Baek
October 2013
Advances in Information Sciences & Service Sciences;Oct2013, Vol. 5 Issue 15, p203
Academic Journal
To find the prevalence and correlation (socio-demographic factors, parents' obesity-related factors, physical activity, and dietary habit) of obesity among middle school students in Gongju, Chungnam, the study has conducted a sample survey of 241 2nd-grade and 271 3rd-grade students in three middle schools in Gongju. In an analysis of correlations in the category of low-weight group, normal-weight group, mild-obesity group, and more than moderate-obesity group, the following results were obtained: In terms of obesity index, mild obesity, moderate obesity, and severe obesity were 6.8%, 5.7%, and 1.6%, respectively, with the total obesity index of 14.1%. In particular, boys (16.7%) were higher than girls (11.2%) in terms of obesity index, which means that the former needs to focus more on obesity management. This paper has also discovered that a father's obesity, a parent's exercise, dietary habits, unbalanced diet, processed food intake, fast food intake, eating out, snack before sleep, average meal size, amount of physical activity, time of computer usage, and preference of physical education were significantly correlated with the level of obesity among the students. According to a hierarchical multiple regression analysis, the factors such as the level of obesity of a parent, a parent's dietary habits, mother's exercise habits, mean meal size, low physical activity, long hours of computer usage, and preference for physical education had a significant influence on obesity and overweight. As discussed above, it's important to educate the students to be aware of the risk of obesity and have a sound and desirable lifestyle and dietary habits in order to reduce obesity and promote their health. Since parents as well as the students themselves are closely related with the obesity among students, it's essential to give education to all family members.


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