TITLE

Predictors of Depressive Symptoms Among Children Affected by HIV in Rural China: A 3-Year Longitudinal Study

AUTHOR(S)
Zhao, Qun; Li, Xiaoming; Zhao, Junfeng; Zhao, Guoxiang; Stanton, Bonita
PUB. DATE
October 2014
SOURCE
Journal of Child & Family Studies;Oct2014, Vol. 23 Issue 7, p1193
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The current study was designed to examine the trend of depression among children affected by HIV (n = 1,221) in rural China over a period of 3 years and to explore baseline psychosocial factors that can predict depressive symptoms at 1- and 2-year follow-ups. Baseline depression score, trusting relationship with caregivers, perceived public stigma against children affected by HIV, and future expectation at baseline positively predicted the 1-year follow-up depression, while children' self-report health status, self-esteem, and perceived social support negatively predicted depression at 1-year follow-up survey. Depression and self-report health status at baseline significantly predicted depression at the 2-year follow-up. The data in the current study suggested that depressive symptoms were chronic or recurring among some children affected by HIV/AIDS. The findings also underscore the importance of early identification, early intervention, and ongoing counseling for mental health problems among children affected by HIV/AIDS. Future psychological support programs need to target both mental health symptoms and resilient factors that will help these children to cope with adverse life events associated with HIV/AIDS.
ACCESSION #
97943118

 

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