TITLE

The effects of a microcystin-producing and lacking strain of Microcystis on the survival of a widespread tropical copepod ( Notodiaptomus iheringi)

AUTHOR(S)
Ger, Kemal; Panosso, Renata
PUB. DATE
October 2014
SOURCE
Hydrobiologia;Oct2014, Vol. 738 Issue 1, p61
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The tropical copepod Notodiaptomus iheringi ( N. iheringi) is an ideal subject for studying zooplankton responses to cyanobacteria because it co-exists with permanent blooms across widespread regions in South America in high abundance. Single and mixed diets containing Cryptomonas and either a microcystin-producing (MC+) or microcystin-lacking (MC−) Microcystis were offered to N. iheringi at different proportions in a 10-day laboratory survival test to distinguish between the effects of toxicity versus nutrition. As expected, the pure MC+ Microcystis diet caused acute toxicity, indicated by high mortality compared to starved copepods. Both Microcystis strains were ingested in a 3-h short-term grazing experiment with pure diets. Despite its toxicity as the sole food source, survival was unaffected by MC+ Microcystis in mixed food diets. Even when MC+ Microcystis was 90% of the total food, survival was similar to the control with 10% Cryptomonas only. Hence, the survival in mixed food diets was controlled by the amount of Cryptomonas, not Microcystis. Previous reports show strong negative effects of Microcystis on copepod survival despite abundant high-quality food. Although this is the first example of copepods avoiding acute Microcystis toxicity in mixed diets, it could be a common trait where permanent blooms dominate the ecosystem.
ACCESSION #
97383671

 

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