TITLE

Is it really racism? The origins of white Americans' opposition to race-targeted policies

AUTHOR(S)
Sears, David O.; Van Laar, Colette; Carrillo, Mary; Kosterman, Rick
PUB. DATE
March 1997
SOURCE
Public Opinion Quarterly;Spring97, Vol. 61 Issue 1, p16
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
This article provides information on the origins of white U.S. citizens' opposition to race-targeted policies. Race relations in the U.S. have had a long history, but one that is marked by significant discontinuities over time. The period of slavery was followed by the brief but radically different window of Reconstruction. The Jim Crow system that developed over the following century legalized racial segregation and discrimination, especially but not exclusively in the South. The civil rights revolution effectively ended the two-caste system of race relations, replacing it with a universal system of formal legal equality. Nevertheless, considerable racial inequality remains in many areas of the society, such as in income, wealth, educational attainment, health, crime and so forth. The demise of Jim Crow was accompanied by a sharp decline in the prevalence of its supporting belief system, which has sometimes been described as old-fashioned racism, incorporating both a biologically based theory of African racial inferiority and support for racial segregation and formal racial discrimination. Old-fashioned racism has largely been replaced by general support for the abstract principle of racial equality.
ACCESSION #
9709075649

 

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