TITLE

Dynamical seasonal prediction of Southern African summer precipitation

AUTHOR(S)
Yuan, Chaoxia; Tozuka, Tomoki; Landman, Willem; Yamagata, Toshio
PUB. DATE
June 2014
SOURCE
Climate Dynamics;Jun2014, Vol. 42 Issue 11/12, p3357
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Prediction skill for southern African (16°-33°E, 22°-35°S) summer precipitation in the Scale Interaction Experiment-Frontier coupled model is assessed for the period of 1982-2008. Using three different observation datasets, deterministic forecasts are evaluated by anomaly correlation coefficients, whereas scores of relative operating characteristic and relative operating level are used to evaluate probabilistic forecasts. We have found that these scores for December-February precipitation forecasts initialized on October 1st are significant at 95 % confidence level. On a local scale, the level of prediction skill in the northwestern and central parts of southern Africa is higher than that in northeastern South Africa. El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) provides the major source of predictability, but the relationship with ENSO is too strong in the model. The Benguela Niño, the basin mode in the tropical Indian Ocean, the subtropical dipole modes in the South Atlantic and the southern Indian Oceans and ENSO Modoki may provide additional sources of predictability. Within the wet season from October to the following April, the precipitation anomalies in December-February are the most predictable. This study presents promising results for seasonal prediction of precipitation anomaly in the extratropics, where seasonal prediction has been considered a difficult task.
ACCESSION #
96312073

 

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