Black Males and Jails

March 1996
Society;Mar/Apr96, Vol. 33 Issue 3, p3
Academic Journal
This article focuses on a report from the U.S. Department of Justice, which revealed that nearly 7 percent of all African-American male adults were in jail or prison in 1994, compared with less than 1 percent of white male adults. The report also found that by June 1995 the number of U.S. citizens behind bars reached 1.1 million. This was an increase of nearly 9 percent since June 30, 1994. The total number of people held in prisons and jails has almost tripled since 1980. The statistics were especially stark when broken down into racial terms, with the number of African-American inmates in 1994 surpassing the number of whites in state or federal prisons and local jails for the first time. The report found that the incarceration rate for whites had remained little changed in the last ten years, while the level for African-Americans had climbed steadily. The report offered no explanations for the racial disparities, but civil rights leaders have complained that tough new federal drug and sentencing laws have had a disproportionate impact on African-Americans. The report gave no reasons for the overall explosion in the prison population, which dates to 1980. But experts have cited more arrests for drug offenses, more violent crimes in inner cities and harsher sentencing laws.


Related Articles

  • Re/Constructing Black Masculinity in Prison. Nandi, M. // Journal of Men's Studies;Fall2002, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p91 

    The article presents a study that explored the ways in which incarcerated African-American males construct masculinities. It informs that qualitative research methods are employed, and narratives from 37 males currently confined to various state and federal institutions are examined. It further...

  • Prison population drops by 5k. Investor's Business Daily // Investors Business Daily;9/24/2014, pA02 

    The number of convicts in federal prisons has fallen by 4,600 in '14 — the 1st decrease since 1980, Att'y Gen. Eric Holder said. In recent years, the Justice Dept. has changed sentencing guidelines to avoid harsh mandatory minimum terms. Further declines are expected in '15 (2,000) and...

  • The Design and Implementation of an Education Program for African American Inmates. Nelson, Nancy J. // Journal of Correctional Education;Sep2007, Vol. 58 Issue 3, p262 

    This article describes an education program initiated by African American prisoners in the Airway Heights Correction Center in Airway Heights, Washington. The purpose of the program was to help the inmates to make productive use of their time while incarcerated and to help lessen the high return...

  • ONE IN THREE. EXPLAINS, MARTIN // Ebony;Oct2015, Vol. 70 Issue 12, p104 

    In the article, the author discusses issues in the U.S. prison system as of October 2015. He claims that the number of prisoners in the country increased by over fourfold since 1980, with African Americans accounting for 60% of the prisoners. Also cited are the high rate of juvenile...

  • HIV-Positive Former Inmates Face New Obstacles in Society. Holmes, Tamara E. // Washington Informer;4/21/2011, Vol. 46 Issue 77, p16 

    The article looks at the challenges of African American inmates who are infected with HIV. It notes that the greatest challenge for former inmates who have HIV is the maintenance of their health. Lena Asmar, director of clinical and support services for AIDS Action Committee of Massachusetts,...

  • THE NAACP GOES TO PRISON. NORMENT, LYNN // Ebony;Mar1980, Vol. 35 Issue 5, p103 

    The article discusses the efforts being made by the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) to address the problems of African American inmates. NAACP is the oldest civil rights group in the U.S. and is providing support to prisoners in 18 prisons in 6 states. Several...

  • PART FIVE: The Culture and Racial Politics of Masculinity: CHAPTER 17: CLAUDE NEAL'S REVENGE.  // Gender of Racial Politics & Violence in America: Lynching, Priso;2001, p1031 

    The article focuses on the sexual assault of white men by African American men in jails and prisons in the United States for power and revenge. It argues that the racial character of rape intensifies the racism of white prisoners. It discusses the role of overcrowding in the increase in sexual...

  • Life After Lock- down. Fletcher, Michael // Essence (Time Inc.);Nov2009, Vol. 40 Issue 7, p162 

    The article considers the future of incarcerated African Americans in the U.S. According to the author, the election of President Barack Obama has prompted some incarcerated African Americans reexamine their circumstances. Timothy Johnson, who was released after finishing a pretrial work-release...

  • A WELL-KNOWN DIRTY LITTLE SECRET. Neuhaus, Richard John // First Things: A Monthly Journal of Religion & Public Life;Aug/Sep1992, Issue 25, p63 

    Focuses on the link between crime and race. Proportion of inmates in the U.S. who are African American according to a mayoral candidate in New York; Background on the campaign of 1988 U.S. presidential candidate George H. W. Bush, including the use of the story of African American criminal...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics