March 2013
Uluslararasi Suçlar ve Tarih;2013, Issue 14, p37
Academic Journal
If "more than 600 people were killed" intentionally by one group of people on February 26, 1992 in Khojaly, Azerbaian, why is it that the dominant member states of the international community- specifically the European Union (EU), the Organization of Security and Co-Operation in Europe (OSCE), and the United Nations Security Council (UNSC)-have not accepted that the massacre was genocide, while only three states, Mexico, Pakistan and Colombia, have already recognized it as such ("Pakistani Senate Recognizes" 2012)? Global powers do not recognize the case as genocide, not because the killings were not committed at a level of genocide, but because of two key factors: first, confirmation of the occurrence of the genocide does not benefit their international political and economic interests and second, recognition does not benefit their internal political interests (defined by interest groups). This research paper develops an existing argument of the primacy of the theory of Realpolitik in light of neglected human rights issues, in this case the Khojaly massacre. The paper builds on the main theory of the clash between human rights and realism and then outlines the shortcomings of the limited literature on the Khojaly massacre. The paper focuses on nine countries that have played an important role in the discussion of the recognition of the massacre (U.S., Russia, France, Germany, Turkey, Israel, Pakistan, Mexico, and UK), and observes their current approach to the issue through expert opinion and data that strongly yields evidence for the realist approach of certain countries in discussing the Khojaly massacre.


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