Homo Assumptus in the Christology of Hugh of St Victor: Some Historical and Theological Revisions

Cross, Richard
April 2014
Journal of Theological Studies;Apr2014, Vol. 65 Issue 1, p62
Academic Journal
I argue that the first of Peter Lombard’s three christological opinions (from Sentences, Book III, distinction 6) is an accurate presentation of the Christology of Hugh of St Victor, and (contrary to some recent interpreters) that Hugh knows of, and explicitly rejects, the second opinion recounted by Lombard. Central to Hugh’s Christology is that the man assumed in the incarnation (homo assumptus) is identical to the second person of the Trinity. I argue that later medieval interpreters of Hugh’s opinion fall into two groups. Some fail to grasp that Hugh posits an identity here, and thus mistakenly present his view as Nestorian (Thomas Aquinas); others grasp what Hugh means, but hold that strict identity posits too tight a relationship between the man Christ and the second person of the Trinity (Duns Scotus).


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