Changes in Physical Fitness and Sports Participation Among Children With Different Levels of Motor Competence: A 2-Year Longitudinal Study

Fransen, Job; Deprez, Dieter; Pion, Johan; Tallir, Isabel B.; D'Hondt, Eva; Vaeyens, Roel; Lenoir, Matthieu; Philippaerts, Renaat M.
February 2014
Pediatric Exercise Science;Feb2014, Vol. 26 Issue 1, p11
Academic Journal
The goal of this study was to investigate differences in physical fitness and sports participation over 2 years in children with relatively high, average, and low motor competence. Physical fitness and gross motor coordination of 501 children between 6-10 years were measured at baseline and baseline+2 years. The sample compromised 2 age cohorts: 6.00-7.99 and 8.00-9.99 years. An age and sex-specific motor quotient at baseline testing was used to subdivide these children into low (MQ < P33), average (P33 ≤ MQ < P66) and high (MQ ≥ P66) motor competence groups. Measures of sports participation were obtained through a physical activity questionnaire in 278 of the same children. Repeated Measures MANCOVA and two separate ANOVAs were used to analyze differences in changes in physical fitness and measures of sports participation respectively. Children with high motor competence scored better on physical fitness tests and participated in sports more often. Since physical fitness levels between groups changed similarly over time, low motor competent children might be at risk for being less physically fit throughout their life. Furthermore, since low motor competent children participate less in sports, they have fewer opportunities of developing motor abilities and physical fitness and this may further prevent them from catching up with their peers with an average or high motor competence.


Related Articles

  • Assistive Cushions for Symmetric Wheelchair Sitting by Stroke Patients. In Hee Lee; Sang Young Park // Journal of Physical Therapy Science;2011, Vol. 23 Issue 6, p837 

    The article offers information on a study which aimed to determine the best adjustable cushion for the maintenance of normal sitting balance by stroke patients in wheelchairs from among gel cushions, air cushions, and spongy cushions. It is mentioned that stroke is the leading cause of adult...

  • Morphological, maturational, functional and technical profile of young Brazilian soccer players. de Oliveira Matta, Marcelo; Barata Figueiredo, António José; Garcia, Emerson Silami; Teixeira Seabra, André Felipe // Brazilian Journal of Kineanthropometry & Human Performance;2014, Vol. 16 Issue 3, p277 

    The objectives of this study were to describe and compare the anthropometric profile, physical fitness and soccer-specific skills between under-15 and under-17 Brazilian soccer players, as well as to evaluate possible differences in these variables according to biological maturation in the age...

  • Tracking Change in Critical-Thinking Skills. Huhn, Karen; Black, Lisa; Jensen, Gail M.; Deutsch, Judith E. // Journal of Physical Therapy Education (American Physical Therapy;Fall2013, Vol. 27 Issue 3, p26 

    No abstract available.

  • Longitudinal analysis of protein glycosylation and β-casein phosphorylation in term and preterm human milk during the first 2 months of lactation. Molinari, Claire E.; Casadio, Ylenia S.; Hartmann, Ben T.; Arthur, Peter G.; Hartmann, Peter E. // British Journal of Nutrition;7/14/2013, Vol. 110 Issue 1, p105 

    Human milk proteins provide term and preterm infants with both nutrition and protection. The objective of the present study was to examine longitudinal changes in the protein composition of term and preterm milk during the first 2 months of lactation, focusing on protein phosphorylation and...

  • Participating in a fruit and vegetable intervention trial improves longer term fruit and vegetable consumption and barriers to fruit and vegetable consumption: a follow-up of the ADIT study. Neville, Charlotte E.; McKinley, Michelle C.; Draffin, Claire R.; Gallagher, Nicola E.; Appleton, Katherine M.; Young, Ian S.; Edgar, J. David; Woodside, Jayne V. // International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition & Physical Activit;12/18/2015, Vol. 12, p1 

    Background: Fruit and vegetable (FV) based intervention studies can be effective in increasing short term FV consumption. However, the longer term efficacy of such interventions is still unclear. The aim of the current study was to examine the maintenance of change in FV consumption 18-months...

  • Single v. multiple measures of skin carotenoids by resonance Raman spectroscopy as a biomarker of usual carotenoid status. Scarmo, Stephanie; Cartmel, Brenda; Lin, Haiqun; Leffell, David J.; Ermakov, Igor V.; Gellermann, Werner; Bernstein, Paul S.; Mayne, Susan T. // British Journal of Nutrition;9/14/2013, Vol. 110 Issue 5, p911 

    Resonance Raman spectroscopy (RRS) is a non-invasive method of assessing carotenoid status in the skin, which has been suggested as an objective indicator of fruit/vegetable intake. The present study assessed agreement and identified predictors of single v. multiple RRS measures of skin...

  • Headache prevalence and characteristics among school children as assessed by prospective paper diary recordings. Larsson, Bo; Fichtel, Åsa // Journal of Headache & Pain;Mar2012, Vol. 13 Issue 2, p129 

    In the present school-based study, a convenience sample of 477 students in grades 6-9 and second year in high school from a city and a smaller town recorded daily occurrence and intensity of headaches in a standard paper diary during a 3-week period. Total headache activity (headache sum),...

  • Variation in Sport Participation, Fitness and Motor Coordination With Socioeconomic Status Among Flemish Children. Vandendriessche, Joric B.; Vandorpe, Barbara F. R.; Vaeyens, Roel; Malina, Robert M.; Lefevre, Johan; Lenoir, Matthieu; Philippaerts, Renaat M. // Pediatric Exercise Science;Feb2012, Vol. 24 Issue 1, p113 

    Socioeconomic status (SES) is often indicated as a factor that influences physical activity and associated health outcomes. This study examined the relationship between SES and sport participation, morphology, fitness and motor coordination in a sample of 1955 Flemish children 6-11 years of age....

  • Endurance Time Is the Most Responsive Exercise Measurement in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis. Shinichi Arizono; Hiroyuki Taniguchi; Koji Sakamoto; Yasuhiro Kondoh; Tomoki Kimura; Kensuke Kataoka; Tomoya Ogawa; Fumiko Watanabe; Osamu Nishiyama; Koichi Nishimura; Ryo Kozu; Kazuyuki Tabira // Respiratory Care;Jul2014, Vol. 59 Issue 7, p1108 

    BACKGROUND: Although pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) has been reported to improve exercise capacity in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, it is unknown which exercise measurement is the most responsive for evaluation of PR efficacy. The purpose of this study was to compare the...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics