Uncertainty in Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) deployment projections: a cross-model comparison exercise

Koelbl, Barbara; Broek, Machteld; Faaij, André; Vuuren, Detlef
April 2014
Climatic Change;Apr2014, Vol. 123 Issue 3/4, p461
Academic Journal
Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) can be a valuable CO mitigation option, but what role CCS will play in the future is uncertain. In this paper we analyze the results of different integrated assessment models (IAMs) taking part in the 27th round of the Energy Modeling Forum (EMF) with respect to the role of CCS in long term mitigation scenarios. Specifically we look into the use of CCS as a function of time, mitigation targets, availability of renewables and its use with different fuels. Furthermore, we explore the possibility to relate model results to general and CCS specific model assumptions. The results show a wide range of cumulative capture in the 2010-2100 period (600-3050 GtCO), but the fact that no model projects less than 600 GtCO indicates that CCS is considered to be important by all these models. Interestingly, CCS storage rates are often projected to be still increasing in the second half of this century. Depending on the scenario, at least six out of eight, up to all models show higher storage rates in 2100 than in 2050. CCS shares in cumulative primary energy use are in most models increasing with the stringency of the target or under conservative availability of renewables. The strong variations of CCS deployment projection rates could not be related to the reported differences in the assumptions of the models by means of a cross-model comparison in this sample.


Related Articles

  • Coal Remains a Major Player.  // USA Today Magazine;Aug2009, Vol. 138 Issue 2771, p4 

    The article reports on the potential of carbon capture and storage (CCS) as a means for the U.S. to meet future energy needs while controlling emissions of greenhouse gases associated with climate change. The issue was examined by researchers at Indiana University at Bloomington. It is noted...

  • China's role in attaining the global 2°C target. Jiang, Kejun; Zhuang, Xing; Miao, Ren; He, Chenmin // Climate Policy (Earthscan);Mar2013 Supplement, Vol. 13, p55 

    In the recent climate change negotiations it was declared that the increase in global temperature should be kept below 2°C by 2100, relative to pre-industrial levels. China's CO2emissions from energy and cement processes already account for nearly 24% of global emissions, a trend that is...

  • The Case for CCS. Jones, Barry // Energy & Environment;2012, Vol. 23 Issue 2/3, p405 

    The article offers information on the carbon capture and storage (CCS) technology as an effective tool for reducing global greenhouse gas emissions. It informs that CCS was included in the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) carbon offsetting scheme of the United Nations (UN) at the climate change...

  • A life cycle assessment study of a Canadian post-combustion carbon dioxide capture process system. Koiwanit, Jarotwan; Piewkhaow, Lakkana; Zhou, Qing; Manuilova, Anastassia; Chan, Christine; Wilson, Malcolm; Tontiwachwuthikul, Paitoon // International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment;Feb2014, Vol. 19 Issue 2, p357 

    Purpose: While carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS) has been widely recognized as a useful technology for mitigating greenhouse gas emissions, it is necessary to evaluate the environmental performance of CCS from a full life cycle perspective to comprehensively understand its environmental...

  • Sequestering Carbon in China's Forest Ecosystems: Potential and Challenges. Ping Liu; Runsheng Yin // Forests (19994907);Jun2012, Vol. 3 Issue 2, p417 

    As part of its efforts to curb greenhouse gas emissions, China has committed to expanding the country's forest area by 40 million hectares and stocking volume by 1.3 billion m³ from 2006 to 2020. Our analysis suggests that it is very likely that China will realize its goal of forest area...

  • AN OVERVIEW OF CO2 GEOLOGICAL STORAGE IN CHINA. Xiaojuan Qiao; Guomin Li; McDermott, Christopher I.; Runjian Wu; Haszeldine, R. Stuart // Environmental Engineering & Management Journal (EEMJ);Jul2010, Vol. 9 Issue 7, p889 

    With the rising energy demand and the increase in coal consumption, emissions of CO2 are rising. One of the most promising options for greenhouse gas emission control is to separate and capture CO2 and to inject it into deep subsurface formations for long-term storage. In China, the rich...

  • DEEP CARBON STORAGE.  // Electric Perspectives;Jan/Feb2010, Vol. 35 Issue 1, p14 

    The article discusses how the storage of sequestered carbon dioxide underground can help with the issue of greenhouse gas emissions. It cites the goal of the G-8 nations including the United States, Great Britain and Canada to begin 20 carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) demonstration...

  • INTO THIN AIR. Davis, Arianna // PM Network;Mar2014, Vol. 28 Issue 3, p14 

    The article looks at carbon capture and storage (CCS) technology as of 2014. It notes that CCS could play an important role in achieving global greenhouse gas mitigation goals but says many CCS projects have faced delays or cancellation. Topics include the cancellation of a CCS project in...

  • CARBON DIOXIDE TRANSPORT AND STORAGE. Popa, Teodor; Cupsa, Ovidiu Sorin // Advanced Materials Research;2014, Issue 1033-1034, p975 

    Increased focus on reducing CO2 emissions has created growing interest in CO2 capture from industrial processes for storage in underground formations. New technical solutions, costs and energy requirements for ship-based transport of CO2 are presented. All elements in the transport chain, namely...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics