Measuring Carbon for Urban Development Planning

Beattie, Colin; Bunning, Jessica; Stewart, Joanne; Newman, Peter; Anda, Martin
October 2012
International Journal of Climate Change: Impacts & Responses;2012, Vol. 3 Issue 4, p35
Academic Journal
This paper examines a framework for calculating carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2-e) emissions in urban developments, including emissions inherent in: materials, construction, operation, transport, water, and waste processes over the life cycle of a development. The paper takes a holistic approach to urban design, to include not only the CO2-e emissions inherent in the individual buildings but also in the infrastructure and service provision of the community as a whole metabolic system. A range of carbon assessment tools is examined to assess their capacity for measuring CO2-e emissions in terms of this framework. The tools are reviewed for their applicability to four case studies in Western Australia: Peri-urban development (greenfield), Urban redevelopment (brownfield), Mining camps, and Indigenous communities, which demonstrate the type of settlement patterns that carbon assessment tools must respond to. The case studies are also indicative of the challenges facing other urban developments around the world in cutting CO2-e emissions and enhancing sustainability. The results of the study show that two tools are currently available that can measure and model carbon emissions and carbon consequences of variations of design in urban developments. The tools CCAPPrecint and e- Tool are highlighted in this paper as outstanding examples.


Related Articles

  • The transportation sector and low-carbon growth pathways: modelling urban, infrastructure, and spatial determinants of mobility. Waisman, Henri-David; Guivarch, Celine; Lecocq, Franck // Climate Policy (Earthscan);Mar2013 Supplement, Vol. 13, p106 

    This article contributes to the controversial debate over the effect of spatial organization on CO2emissions by investigating the potential of infrastructure measures that favour lower mobility in achieving the transition to a low-carbon economy. The energy–economy–environment (E3)...

  • ECO-STRUCTURES. Palacio, Julián // PLAT;Spring 2013, Issue 3.0, p176 

    The article discusses the significance of eCO-structure project in addressing the impact of air pollution. It states that the project has been developed based on the inventiveness and ingenuity of the megastructural project in 1960s. The importance of the project for the future urbanization...

  • Policies under pressure. Owen, Robbie // Planning (14672073);7/31/2009, Issue 1829, p8 

    The article reports on the issue concerning the delay on the implementation of national policy statements (NPSs) for the development of infrastructure in Great Gritain. It reveals that the development of strategies to reduce carbon dioxide emissions and ineffective policies have resulted to the...

  • Agenda.  // Planning (14672073);1/29/2010, Issue 1853, p4 

    A calendar of events related to city planning in England in February 2010 is presented which includes an event organized by the London South Bank University on rented housing in London on February 4, 2010, an event organized by Eco Trust on carbon emissions mitigation in Bristol on February 9,...

  • Evaluation of a Low-Carbon City: Method and Application. Meirong Su; Ronghua Li; Weiwei Lu; Chen Chen; Bin Chen; Zhifeng Yang // Entropy;Apr2013, Vol. 15 Issue 4, p1171 

    Many cities around the World have established the development objective of becoming a low-carbon city. Evaluation of such a city is important for its progress. A new evaluation framework of urban low-carbon development level is proposed in this paper, which integrates synthetic evaluation based...

  • Livingstone's manifesto promises greener buses. Sprinks, Jennifer // Regeneration & Renewal;3/14/2008, p4 

    The article reports on the plans outlined by Mayor Ken Livingstone in London, England, as part of the mayor's manifesto for re-election. According to the report, the mayor plans to equip all new buses entering service after 2012 with technology to cut carbon emissions. His plans also include...

  • Kurz zum Klima: Stadtplanung als Klimaschutzinstrument? Gronwald, Marc; Lippelt, Jana // ifo Schnelldienst;6/13/2013, Vol. 66 Issue 11, p30 

    No abstract available.

  • The Second Fuzzy Layer Comprehensive Evaluation Model of Urban Low-Carbon Developmental Level and Its Empirical Research. Peilin Liu; Xiuying Shen // Journal of Sustainable Development;2011, Vol. 4 Issue 4, p145 

    Cities are main places that human activities get together and subjects that greenhouse gases emit. When striving to develop low-carbon economy, each country has attached importance to the construction of low-carbon city; therefore, the city should have its own evaluation index system of...

  • Eco-town energy advice plugs blanket zero carbon approach. Donatantonio, Domenic // Planning (14672073);12/18/2009, Issue 1849, p4 

    The article reports on the guidance issued by the Town and Country Planning Association (TCPA) on December 18, 2009 for zero carbon maintenance of eco-towns in Great Britain. It notes that the guidance was drawn from the zero carbon definition of the government advocating for on-site reduction...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics