The Role of Anti-obesity Drugs in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes

Hollander, Priscilla
January 2013
U.S. Endocrinology;Winter2013, Vol. 9 Issue 2, p101
Academic Journal
The prevalence of diabetes continues to rise, following the rising rates of obesity. Obesity is not only associated with an increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes but also an elevated probability of developing long-term complications associated with the disease. Weight gain is also an important concern as a potential side effect of therapies that improve glycemic control in diabetes, including insulin therapy. As a result, patients with type 2 diabetes are at risk for a vicious circle of increasing weight and increasing insulin resistance, thus requiring further intensification of glycemic treatment. It is therefore important to address the problem of obesity in patients with type 2 diabetes. In 2012, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved two new anti-obesity medications: lorcaserin and phentermine/topiramate extended-release. Both agents have demonstrated clinically meaningful weight reduction as well as significant improvements in glycemic control in obese patients with diabetes. Liraglutide has also shown weight loss and improvements in glycemic control in patients with diabetes. Anti-obesity drugs, in conjunction with lifestyle changes, may play a valuable role in the management of diabetes.


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