A Parametric Study on the Production of Bio Fuels from Rapeseed Oil

Shahbaz, M.; Rasheed, M. A.; Tahir, M. S.; Ahmed, M. A.; Ikram, Adeel
December 2013
International Journal of Environmental Science & Development;Dec2013, Vol. 4 Issue 6, p613
Academic Journal
Various research groups are on the way to develop cutting edge techniques for the production of environmental friendly fuels based on new green energy sources [1]. Bio-fuels have potential to reduce the emission of carbon dioxide (CO2) and can help to overcome the global warming issue. Agricultural wastes and edible-oils are potential raw material for the production of energy and biodiesel. Extensive work has been reported on the characterization of agro-wastes and rapeseed oils for the production of fuel palettes and synthetic bio-diesel respectively. The cellulosic materials are generally been used for the production of bio ethanol. The present paper reports the effect of key reaction parameters such as Ethanol/oil ratio, reaction time, catalyst concentration, temperature, type of alkaline catalyst on the yield of the bio-diesel from rape seed oil and ethanol at different operating conditions. The results indicate that ethanol/oil ratio is the most significant reaction parameters on yield. Increase in concentration of ethanol/oil ratio enhances the bio diesel production whereas enhanced catalyst (KOH, NaOH) concentration has negative impact on the yield of bio-diesel.


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