Dziekański, Paweł
September 2013
Economics / Ekonomia;2013, Vol. 24 Issue 3, p149
Academic Journal
Public sector has been appointed to carry out tasks of general interest. These tasks are usually non-profit, which causes that they are financed from public funds. In such circumstances, the important point is that the choice of tasks for execution was made rationally and after carrying out a multifaceted analysis. Measurement issues of efficiency gain particular importance in the management of both municipal finance, as well as the whole of the public sector in connection with the implementation of the new public management concept. The evaluation of the financial management is difficult. It requires taking into account many different variables. The selected set of characteristics that describe the financial economy, should, as far as possible, in a full and comprehensive way study the phenomenon. The purpose of the study is to examine whether the assessment of the effectiveness of the financial activities of local government can be used as a synthetic indicator, whose structure depends on the adopted methodological assumptions. The selection of the final variables to the structure of the synthetic indicator includes variables describing the financial economy. The final set of diagnostic variables was created taking into account the established substantive, formal and statistical criteria. The characteristics of spatial units is based on the arithmetic mean, standard deviation, coefficient of variation, the asymmetry factor and the correlation coefficient. Taking into account formal conditions, complete and available measurable variables were selected Linear ordering methods allow to determine the hierarchy of objects or arranging them from the object being the highest in this hierarchy to the object being the lowest. Linear ordering enables multi-dimensional analysis of the phenomenon. Synthetic indicator gauge takes values in the range [0; 1], the higher the value of this index the better situations of the object. Rural communes of Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship are the subject of the research. Synthetic indicator structure consisted of the following variables: value of own income, value of the revenue from tax return, value of the revenue from CIT, value of tax revenues, value of funds obtained from external sources, value of current expenditure, value of property, value of expenditure on welfare spending and value of expenditure on public administration. Communities of Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship continued to show a large variety in terms of the level of financial health. On the one hand, it was possible to distinguish a group of communities with high level of financial health, on the other hand, the communities with a very low rate. Looking at limit values (0,1) in the case of rural communities of Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship synthetic indicator is low and unfortunately must be rated as weak. Issues of efficiency measurement gain particular importance in the management of both municipal finance, as well as the whole public sector in connection with the implementation of the new public management concept. Evaluation of the financial economy is difficult. It requires taking into account many different variables. The selected set of characteristics that describe financial economy should as fully and comprehensively characterize studied phenomenon. High expenditure in some sections of the budget economy can be an expression of strength and weakness of a community. Concluding, therefore, should always be cautious, and the final assessment supported by additional research.


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