TITLE

Perception and practice of regular physical activity among primary healthcare service users

AUTHOR(S)
Mendes, Mariane; Melo, Vinicius; Mares, Virgínia; Silva, Carlos; Moreira, Patrícia; Santos Júnior, Wanderlin; Penaforte Santos, Regiane; Honorato Machado, Clesiane; dos Santos, Luana Caroline
PUB. DATE
April 2013
SOURCE
Revista de Atencao Primaria a Saude;abr-jun2013, Vol. 16 Issue 2, p151
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Objective: To characterize the perception of regular phy­sical activity and its practice among Primary Healthcare Service users. Methods: This is a cross sectional study con­ducted with adult and elderly users of a Basic Health Unit (BHU) in Belo Horizonte/MG. Data were collected using a pre-tested questionnaire containing sociodemographic and financial information, and anthropometric data (wei­ght, height, waist and hip circumference, with subsequent calculation of Body Mass Index and waist/hip ratio). To assess the perception and practice of physical activity, tests were conducted on flexibility, muscle endurance, and stair climbing. The International Physical Activity Questionnaire was also applied. Results: Interviews were conducted with 499 users, 82.8% female and 69.1% adults, mean age 51 ± 15.5 years. The group presented a high percentage of overweight (35.5% adults and 52.5% elderly) and obesity (25,1%), as well as individuals with a very high risk for the occurrence of metabolic complications associated with obesity (39.4%) and cardiovascular disease (42.8%). In the study sample, 42.3% considered themselves physically inactive, this perception being most prevalent among the women (p=0.01). Walking stood out as the most common physical activity practiced (79.5%). Among the physical tests applied, the stairs test was the most limiting, resul­ting in a 90.2% dropout rate in its execution. There were statistically significant associations of the classifications of flexibility, muscle endurance, and VO2 max, with BMI (p<0.05). Conclusion: A high prevalence of excess weight associated with a low level of physical activity was identified in the study population, indicating the need for actions to raise awareness of the importance of the regularity of this practice in promoting health.
ACCESSION #
90654392

 

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