TITLE

BIOGAS POTENTIAL OF ORGANIC WASTE IN NIGERIA

AUTHOR(S)
Ngumah, Chima C.; Ogbulie, Jude N.; Orji, Justina C.; Amadi, Ekpewerechi S.
PUB. DATE
January 2013
SOURCE
Journal of Urban & Environmental Engineering;Jan-Jun2013, Vol. 7 Issue 1, p110
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
With the growing demerits of fossil fuels - its finitude and its negative impact on the environment and public health - renewable energy is becoming a favoured emerging alternative. For over a millennium anaerobic digestion (AD) has been employed in treating organic waste (biomass). The two main products of anaerobic digestion, biogas and biofertilizer, are very important resources. Since organic wastes are always available and unavoidable too, anaerobic digestion provides an efficient means of converting organic waste to profitable resources. This paper elucidates the potential benefits of organic waste generated in Nigeria as a renewable source of biofuel and biofertilizer. The selected organic wastes studied in this work are livestock wastes (cattle excreta, sheep and goat excreta, pig excreta, poultry excreta; and abattoir waste), human excreta, crop residue, and municipal solid waste (MSW). Using mathematical computation based on standard measurements, Nigeria generates about 542.5 million tons of the above selected organic waste per annum. This in turn has the potential of yielding about 25.53 billion m3 of biogas (about 169 541.66 MWh) and 88.19 million tons of biofertilizer per annum. Both have a combined estimated value of about N 4.54 trillion ($ 29.29 billion). This potential biogas yield will be able to completely displace the use of kerosene and coal for domestic cooking, and reduce the consumption of wood fuel by 66%. An effective biogas programme in Nigeria will also remarkably reduce environmental and public health concerns, deforestation, and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.
ACCESSION #
90587393

 

Related Articles

  • Increasing Biogas Production Rate from Cattle Manure Using Rumen Fluid as Inoculums. Widiasa, I. N.; Johari, Seno // International Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences;Feb2010, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p68 

    In this study, rumen fluid of animal ruminant was used as inoculums to increase biogas production rate from cattle manure at mesophilic condition. A series of laboratory experiments using 400 ml biodigester were performed in batch operation mode. Given 100 grams of fresh cattle manure (M) was...

  • INVESTIGATION OF BIOGAS PRODUCTION USING ORGANIC KITCHEN WASTES THROUGH ANAEROBIC DIGESTION. Thamilselvan, D.; Arulkumar, K.; Kannan, M. // Applied Mechanics & Materials;2015, Vol. 787, p97 

    The most important renewable energy is Biomass. The biological conversion of biomass to methane has become rapidly increasing in present days. All types of organic wastes can be converted to methane. In this study the installed plant is a sintex floating type biogas plant. The cubic capacity of...

  • Biogas Production from Vietnamese Animal Manure, Plant Residues and Organic Waste: Influence of Biomass Composition on Methane Yield. Cu, T. T. T.; Nguyen, T. X.; Triolo, J. M.; Pedersen, L.; Le, V. D.; Le, P. D.; Sommer, S. G. // Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences;Feb2015, Vol. 28 Issue 2, p280 

    Anaerobic digestion is an efficient and renewable energy technology that can produce biogas from a variety of biomasses such as animal manure, food waste and plant residues. In developing countries this technology is widely used for the production of biogas using local biomasses, but there is...

  • From Biopower to Energopolitics in England's Modern Waste Technology. Alexander, Catherine; Reno, Joshua O. // Anthropological Quarterly;Spring2014, Vol. 87 Issue 2, p335 

    Two energy-generating technologies in Britain which transform waste into a resource are compared. One is the (in)famous Combined Heat and Power incinerator in Sheffield, the other a forgotten biological digester in Devon utilizing anaerobic microbes. Both sites are early exemplars of...

  • Anaerobic Digestion of Slaughterhouse Solid Waste for the Optimization of Biogas Production. Medina-Herrera, M.; Rodríguez-García, A.; Montoya-Herrera, L.; Cárdenas-Mijangos, J.; Godínez-Mora-Tovar, L. A.; Bustos-Bustos, E.; Rodríguez-Valadez, F. J.; Manríquez-Rocha, J. // International Journal of Environmental Research;Spring2014, Vol. 8 Issue 2, p483 

    Anaerobic digestion is a feasible technology to stabilize the solid waste generated in slaughterhouses obtaining significant quantities of biogas, considered as a clean and renewable fuel. This is why it is important to optimize the digestion process in order to eliminate organic matter and...

  • Can Defra deliver? Astor, James; Vaughan, Hugh // Local Authority Waste & Recycling;Jul2010 Supplement, p9 

    The article reports on the implementation plan of the Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs (Defra) which aims to encourage the use of anaerobic digestion (AD) as a renewable energy and waste management technology in Great Britain. It mentions that the country produces over 100...

  • Value AD for all it can do for a circular economy. Morton, Charlotte // ENDS (Environmental Data Services);Oct2013, Issue 464, p14 

    The author discusses the value of anaerobic digestion (AD) to England's circular economy. According to the author, AD has an important role in the circular economy with its ability to recycle food, manures, and other organic wastes as well as lower the carbon footprint of farms and provide a...

  • A Lot to Digest.  // Waste Age;Mar2010, Vol. 41 Issue 3, p22 

    The article explores various ways to manage food waste. It is said that food waste is inevitable despite deliberate waste prevention. Some of the measures that can help turn food wastes into renewable energy and other types of valuable resources include composting in one's own compost pit or in...

  • Food waste collection and recycling for value-added products: potential applications and challenges in Hong Kong. Lo, Irene; Woon, Kok // Environmental Science & Pollution Research;Apr2016, Vol. 23 Issue 8, p7081 

    About 3600 tonnes food waste are discarded in the landfills in Hong Kong daily. It is expected that the three strategic landfills in Hong Kong will be exhausted by 2020. In consideration of the food waste management environment and community needs in Hong Kong, as well as with reference to the...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics