TITLE

The Qigong Effect on Blood Glucose Control in People With Type 2 Diabetes: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

AUTHOR(S)
Ju-Ping Huang; Mei-Ling Yeh2
PUB. DATE
September 2013
SOURCE
Journal of Nursing & Healthcare Research;Sep2013, Vol. 9 Issue 3, p199
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Proper control of diabetes, a chronic metabolic disorder, is important to maintaining health. Exercise has been associated with blood glucose control and the delay of diabetes-related complications. Qigong is a traditional health care exercise that improves the harmonious flow of energy (qi) and blood inside the body, balances the organs, modulates channels and collaterals, and strengthens the bones. However, the empirical effects of qigong in peoples with diabetes remaining uncertain. Purpose: This paper uses published randomized-controlled and controlled clinical trials to analyze the effect of qigong on blood glucose control outcomes in people with type 2 diabetes. Methods: Systematic review and meta-analysis were used. Searches were conducted in databases including Airiti Library, China Journal Full-text Database, National Central Library, Wiley Online Library, Academic Search Complete, CINAHL, PubMed, MEDLINE, SPORTDiscu, Cochrane Library, and LWW Nursing and Health Professions Premier Collection. The search focused on articles published between 1975 and 2012. Based on inclusion and exclusion criteria, 11 articles addressing relevant randomized and controlled clinical trials were extracted. Of these, 9 provided sufficient data for pooling and analysis. The main outcomes assessed were HbAlc, fasting blood glucose, insulin sensitivity or insulin resistance, and fasting insulin. Results: The 9 studies showed that the qigong intervention had significant effects on HbAlc and fasting blood glucose, with respective effect sizes of -0.42 (95% CI = [-0.62, -0.23]) and -0.90 (95% CI = [-1.38, -0.41]). There was no significant effect on insulin sensitivity/insulin resistance, with an effect size of -0.04 (95% CI = [-0.33, 0.26]). Conclusion: This study indicates that qigong may improve HbAlc and fasting blood glucose in patients with type 2 diabetes. Further study is needed to help health care staffs better advise patients on the effects of exercise in type 2 diabetes patients.
ACCESSION #
90535033

 

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