Violence and self-reported health: does individual socioeconomic position matter?

Winnersjö, Rocio; Ponce De Leon, Antonio; Soares, Joaquim F.; Macassa, Gloria
July 2012
Journal of Injury & Violence Research;Jul2012, Vol. 4 Issue 2, p87
Academic Journal
Background: Violence is a major public health problem. Both clinical and population based studies shows that violence against men and women has physical and psychological health consequences. However, elsewhere and in Sweden little is known of the effect of individual socioeconomic position (SEP) on the relation between violence and health outcomes. Objective: This study aimed to assess the effect of individual SEP on the relation between violence and three health outcomes (general health, pain and anxiety) among women in Stockholm County. Methods: The study used data from the Stockholm Public Health Survey, a cross-sectional survey carried out in 2006 for the Stockholm County Council by Statistic Sweden. 34 704 respondents answered the survey, the response rate was sixth one percent. Analyses were carried out using descriptive statistics and logistic regression analysis in SPSS v.17.0. Results: Individual SEP increased the odds of reporting poor health outcomes among victimized women in Stockholm County. Regarding self-reported health women in low-SEP who reported victimization in the past twelve months had odds of 2,36 (95% CI 1.48-3.77) for the age group 18- 29 years and 3.78 (95% CI 2.53-5.64) for the age group 30-44 years compared with women in high-SEP and non-victim. For pain the odds was 2,41 (95% CI 1,56-3,73) for the age group 18- 29 years and 2,98 (95% CI 1,99-4,46) for women aged 30-44 years. Regarding anxiety the age group 18-29 years had odds of 2,53 (95% CI 1,58-4,03) and for the age group 30-44 years had odds of 3,87 (95% CI 2,55-5,87). Conclusion: Results showed that individual SEP (measured by occupation) matters to the relationship between violence and health outcomes such as general self-reported health, pain and anxiety. Women in lower SEP and experienced victimization in the past twelve months had increased odds of reporting poorer self-rated health, pain and anxiety compared to those in higher SEP with no experience of victimization. However, further exploration of the relationship between poverty, individual SEP is needed using other Swedish population samples.


Related Articles

  • Occupational stress and self-rated health among nurses. Theme Filha, Mariza Miranda; de Souza Costa, Maria Aparecida; Rodrigues Guilam, Maria Cristina // Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem (RLAE);Mar/Apr2013, Vol. 21 Issue 2, p476 

    Objective: To analyze the association between job stress and self-rated health among nurses in public hospital emergency units. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study undertaken through the administration of a self-administered questionnaire in a sample of 134 health professionals, using the...

  • Impact of economic crisis and other demographic and socio-economic factors on self-rated health in Greece. Zavras, Dimitris; Tsiantou, Vasiliki; Pavi, Elpida; Mylona, Katerina; Kyriopoulos, John // European Journal of Public Health;Apr2013, Vol. 23 Issue 2, p206 

    Background: Financial crisis and worsened socio-economic conditions are associated with greater morbidity, less utilization of health services and deteriorated population’s health status. The aim of the present study was to investigate the determinants of self-rated health in Greece....

  • Social Contacts and Receipt of Help Among Older People in England: Are There Benefits of Having More Children? Grundy, Emily; Read, Sanna // Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences & Socia;Nov2012, Vol. 67B Issue 6, p742 

    Objectives. To investigate whether number of children and, among parents, having a daughter is associated with older people’s likelihood of at least weekly face-to-face social contact and later receipt of help if needed. Method. Multivariate analysis of data from Waves 1 and 2 of the...

  • Does Habitual Physical Activity Prevent Insomnia? A Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Study of Elderly Japanese. Inoue, Sachiko; Yorifuji, Takashi; Sugiyama, Masumi; Ohta, Toshiki; Ishikawa-Takata, Kazuko; Doi, Hiroyuki // Journal of Aging & Physical Activity;Apr2013, Vol. 21 Issue 2, p119 

    Few epidemiological studies have examined the potential protective effects of physical activity on insomnia. The authors thus evaluated the association between physical activity and insomnia in a large population-based study in Shizuoka, Japan. Individual data were obtained from participants in...

  • Household crowding is associated with higher allostatic load among the Inuit. Riva, Mylene; Plusquellec, Pierrich; Juster, Robert-Paul; Laouan-Sidi, Elhadji A.; Abdous, Belkacem; Lucas, Michel; Dery, Serge; Dewailly, Eric // Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health;Apr2014, Vol. 68 Issue 4, p363 

    Background Household crowding is an important problem in some aboriginal communities that is reaching particularly high levels among the circumpolar Inuit. Living in overcrowded conditions may endanger health via stress pathophysiology. This study examines whether higher household crowding is...

  • Heaviness, health and happiness: a cross-sectional study of 163 066 UK Biobank participants. Zia Ul-Haq; Mackay, Daniel F.; Martin, Daniel; Smith, Daniel J.; Gill, Jason M. R.; Nicholl, Barbara I.; Cullen, Breda; Evans, Jonathan; Roberts, Beverly; Deary, Ian J.; Gallacher, John; Hotopf, Matthew; Craddock, Nick; Pell, Jill P. // Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health;Apr2014, Vol. 68 Issue 4, p340 

    Background Obesity is known to increase the risk of many diseases and reduce overall quality of life. This study examines the relationship with self-reported health (SRH) and happiness. Methods We conducted a cross-sectional study of the 163 066 UK Biobank participants who completed the...

  • Childhood friendships and adult health: findings from the Aberdeen Children of the 1950s Cohort study. Almquist, Ylva M. // European Journal of Public Health;Jun2012, Vol. 22 Issue 3, p378 

    Background: Social relations are known to influence morbidity and mortality but few have studied this association from a life-course perspective specifically targeting the importance of social relations in childhood for adult health. In childhood, a key aspect of children’s relationships...

  • Sexual orientation and self-rated health: the role of social capital, offence, threat of violence, and violence. Axelsson, Jakob; Modén, Birgit; Rosvall, Maria; Lindström, Martin // Scandinavian Journal of Public Health;Jul2013, Vol. 41 Issue 5, p508 

    Objective: To study the association between sexual orientation and self-rated health, including trust, offence, threat of violence, and violence. Design/setting/participants/measurement: The 2008 Public Health Survey in Skåne is a cross-sectional postal questionnaire study. A total of 28,198...

  • Physical activity practice among undergraduate students in nursing. da Silva Pires, Cláudia Geovana; Mussi, Fernanda Carneiro; de Cerqueira, Bruna Borges; Gondim Pitanga, Francisco José; da Silva, Diorlene Oliveira // Acta Paulista de Enfermagem;2013, Vol. 26 Issue 5, p436 

    Objective: To compare physical activity practice among undergraduate students in nursing freshmen and in nursing seniors. Methods: Cross-sectional study conducted with a sample of 154 students. The research instruments were a questionnaire with sociodemographic and academic life and for the data...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics