Removal of viruses and disinfection by-products at two drinking water treatment plants in southern China

Qiang Zhang; Yan Liu; Yuanyuan Wei; Zhexue Quan; Yun Zhang; Ruihua Dai; Xiang Liu
October 2012
Desalination & Water Treatment;Oct2012, Vol. 48 Issue 1-3, p221
Academic Journal
The removal of viruses and disinfection by-products (DBPs) at two water plants (A and B) in a city of southern China was investigated. Coliphages MS2 and Phix174 were used as indicators of viruses. The results clearly indicated that the removal efficiency of MS2 and Phix174 was over 99% by conventional coagulation/sedimentation with polyaluminium sulfate chloride (PACS) at Plants A and B. MS2 and Phix174 were not detected in the effluent of these two plants. However, the removal efficiency of UV254 and TOC by coagulation/sedimentation was only 22.05% and 64.57% at Plant A, and 17.64% and 11.89% at Plant B, respectively. The species and amount of DBPs and their formation potential had no significant decrease after coagulation/sedimentation. In biological filtration, UV254 and TOC could be removed 6.62% and 24.50%, respectively. However, more soluble microbial products (SMP) and extracellular polymeric substances (EPS), the precursors of DBPs, were produced. Granular activated carbon (GAC) was efficient in the removal of UV254 and TOC, with an efficiency of 16.18% and 14.85%, respectively. Sand filtration, the final process, performed poorly in removing viruses and DBPs precursors. Both the processes of Plants A and B were not efficient in the removal of DBPs and their precursors.


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