Longitudinal Electromagnetic Waves? The Monstein-Wesley Experiment Reconstructed

March 2013
Journal of Scientific Exploration;Spring2013, Vol. 27 Issue 1, p13
Academic Journal
We repeat the experiment reported in a controversial publi-cation of Monstein and Wesley (MW), in which they claimed to have de-tected longitudinal electromagnetic (EM) waves in free space, a phenom-enon incompatible with Maxwell's equations. While we are convinced that Maxwell's equations are valid and that longitudinal EM waves do not exist, we recognized that the radiation pattern observed in the MW experiment was itself interesting, while noting that no one had actually repeated MW's experiments. Therefore we constructed a duplicate of MW's apparatus and ran their experiments along with some additional ones. We intended both to test whether MW's results could be duplicated, and to distinguish between their theoretical model and that of a critical article published by Rçbilas proposing ground plasma currents as the true cause of the waves observed by MW. We also determined the field pattern of the ball antenna experimentally. Our experimental results actually resemble MW's theoreti-cal pattern more closely than did their own experiment, an interesting re-sult considering that MW's theory is almost universally considered incor-rect. However, our experimental results were not compatible with Rçbilas' (very plausible) theoretical explanation. Thus we dispute MW's claim on theoretical grounds, and Rçbilas'ground plasma currents on experimental grounds. We conclude that a yet-unidentified mechanism must be produc-ing the observed results.


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