TITLE

THE GEOPOLITICS OF OIL AND CLIMATE CHANGE

AUTHOR(S)
Benea, Ciprian - Beniamin; Baciu, Adrian
PUB. DATE
December 2012
SOURCE
Annals of the University of Oradea, Economic Science Series;2012, Vol. 21 Issue 2, p70
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
This paper aims to present the role of oil in today's world, society, and economy. It is important because anything nowadays is about oil, from economy, and society, to international politics. Since the development of air and road transportation, but especially after World War II, the transfer of wealth from some countries (the consuming countries) to another countries (the producing countries) is unique in human history; and the influence of the second group of countries in world politics is very high due to this situation. Furthermore, past and present pattern of oil consumption have negative impacts upon environment and humans wellbeing. Oil used in energy generation, and especially its use in transportation makes it a resource with a strategic character. In the literature of international affairs, and international economy, oil is found in almost in every article, and book; but of course, there are books and articles focused especially upon this resource, and upon its role in world politics. in last decades, there appeared another element which fight to capture world public opinion, and political agenda: this is climate change. The best reference in this context is the First report for the Club of Rome (Limits to Growth, 1972), which signaled the unsustainable way of how society works. Taking account of this alarming signal, we intended to show (using research methods based upon numbers) that there are very negative effects of using oil in the future in the same way as in the past. There is needed another type of economy, and society, based on other types of resources than oil. But in the same time this situation creates hardships for oil importing countries, many of western societies being vitally dependent in their mobility by oil. In the same time, transportation is responsible for some one third of oil consumption, generating huge quantities of CO2 emissions in the atmosphere, bringing what can be called climate change. Put shortly, the paper presents the negative impact of oil using from geopolitical and climate points of view, and which could be the solutions for escaping this situation. The added value of our endeavors is connected to present the negative implications from geopolitical and climate changes points of view, and which are the actions which could put in practice.
ACCESSION #
85948912

 

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