Racial profiling in decisions to search: a preliminary analysis using propensity-score matching

Higgins, George E.; Jennings, Wesley G.; Jordan, Kareem L.; Gabbidon, Shaun L.
December 2011
International Journal of Police Science & Management;Winter2011, Vol. 13 Issue 4, p336
Academic Journal
The objective of the present study was to understand if racial and/or ethnic backgrounds are causal factors in a police officer's decision to search individuals during traffic stops. Using the Police-Public Contact Survey and propensity-score matching, the study results indicate that Blacks are significantly more likely to be searched than Whites. There were no differences, however, in searches between Hispanics and Whites. These findings suggest that race, but not ethnicity, appears to be a causal factor in a police officer's decision to search. The implications of this finding, along with directions for future research, are also discussed.


Related Articles

  • A Multilevel Examination of the Relationship Between Racial Tension and Attitudes Toward the Police. McNeeley, Susan; Grothoff, Garrett // American Journal of Criminal Justice;Sep2016, Vol. 41 Issue 3, p383 

    Prior research has established the effect of race and ethnicity on citizens' perceptions of the police. This paper serves to build on this body of literature by examining the effect of racial tension on attitudes toward the police. Specifically, we conduct multilevel analyses using survey data...

  • Solid Data Emerges on People Killed by Law Enforcement Officers. RENAUD, JASON; WESTBERG, JENNY // Progressive Populist;10/1/2014, Vol. 20 Issue 17, p9 

    The article reports on data on U.S. law enforcement officers' involvement in the deaths of Americans. Topics discussed include the lack of national database of persons killed by law enforcement officers, the inevitable chaos surrounding any law enforcement officer-involved death, and the...

  • Racial Profiling. Yisrael, Khysimmiyah // Skipping Stones;Oct-Dec2015, Vol. 27 Issue 4, p27 

    In this article, the author discusses negative impact of racial profiling, a method for enforcement of people on their racial and ethnic identity.

  • CRAPPING OUT WITH CRIME STATISTICS. Steinbuch, Robert // University of Arkansas at Little Rock Law Review;Fall2013, Vol. 36 Issue 1, p97 

    An essay is presented predicting the statistical growth in crime rate in the U.S. It discusses the effects of using statistics in discussing racial profiling, which is law enforcement's use of race in describing actual criminal suspects. It also discusses the significance of the stop-and-frisk...

  • It's Time to End Racial, Religious and Ethnic Profiling of Americans. Hanley, Delinda C. // Washington Report on Middle East Affairs;Jun/Jul2012, Vol. 31 Issue 4, p27 

    The article calls on the U.S. government to end racial, religious and ethnic profiling of citizens. It claims that racial profiling undermines the nation's commitment to religious freedom and equal protection under the law and destroys relationships with communities. Information is presented on...

  • Black Women Profiled as Prostitutes in NYC. Berlatsky, Noah // Hit & Run;10/1/2014, p84 

    The article discusses the claims that the New York Police Department (NYPD) in New York City also profiles African American women and not only African American men, according to a study released by the sex workers advocacy organization the Red Umbrella Project (RedUP). Topics discussed include...

  • Barneys' Lee To Address Profiling Accusations.  // WWD: Women's Wear Daily;10/25/2013, Vol. 206 Issue 86, p10 

    The article reports that Mark Lee, Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of retail industry firm Barneys New York, has agreed to meet with representatives of the social activist organization National Action Network to discuss complaints filed by African American consumers that they had been victims of...

  • Minority drivers stopped less.  // Malakoff News (TX);2/19/2016, Vol. 107 Issue 8, p6B 

    The article discusses the 2015 annual racial profiling report by Athens Police Department (APD) which reveals drop in traffic stops of African-American and Hispanic drivers in Athens, Texas.

  • State has failed to do much with racial-profiling data. Dunn, Jamey // Illinois Issues;Sep2012, Vol. 38 Issue 9, p6 

    The article focuses on the issue of racial profiling used by the police in Illinois. It states that police should not use racial and ethnic factors in identifying any suspect or to stop and search them. It further states that a law was passed in 2004 which required all law enforcement entities...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics