TITLE

Macauba as Promising Substrate for Crude Oil and Biodiesel Production

AUTHOR(S)
Ferrari, Roseli Aparecida; de Azevedo Filho, Joaquim Adelino
PUB. DATE
October 2012
SOURCE
Journal of Agricultural Science & Technology B;Oct2012, Vol. 2 Issue 10B, p1119
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The preparation of macauba fruits (Acrocomia aculeate (Jacq.) Lodd. ex Martius) both for oil extraction by continuous pressing and biodiesel production were investigated. The fruits and its pulp and kernel were characterized for their resulting oils. Experimental design was carried out to study the transesterification of each oil to obtain the concentrations of ethanol and catalyst that would provide the best biodiesel yield. A higher amount of biodiesel was produced from the best conditions to evaluate some characteristics as specified by ANP (National Agency of Petroleum, Natural Gas and Biofuels). The results showed a variation in the fruits composition and different characteristics presented by the pulp and kernel oil. It was possible to define technological steps to obtain oil from the fruits of macauba and find the optimal conditions to biodiesel production, concentration of catalyst 4.42% and 5% and 13.3:1 and 9:1 ethanol:oil molar ratio to kernel oil and pulp oil, respectively.
ACCESSION #
84557366

 

Related Articles

  • Mixed Alkyl Esters from Cottonseed Oil: Improved Biodiesel Properties and Blends with Diesel Fuel. Joshi, Hem; Moser, Bryan; Walker, Terry // Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society (JAOCS);Jan2012, Vol. 89 Issue 1, p145 

    Transesterification of refined cottonseed oil (CSO) was carried out with methanol, ethanol, 1-butanol, and various mixtures of these alcohols to produce biodiesel. In the mixed alcohol transesterifications, formation of methyl esters was favored over ethyl and butyl esters. The influence of...

  • Comparison of the physicochemical characteristics of biofuels and petroleum fuels. Pankin, K.; Ivanova, Yu.; Kuz'mina, R.; Shtykov, S. // Chemistry & Technology of Fuels & Oils;Mar2011, Vol. 47 Issue 1, p7 

    The physicochemical properties of liquid biofuels of different types (bioalcohols, biodiesel, etc.) in comparison to the same characteristics of petroleum fuels were examined. The advantages and disadvantages of biofuels with respect to these characteristics were demonstrated.

  • Iowa offers oil alternatives. Swoboda, Rod // Wallaces Farmer;May2011, Vol. 136 Issue 5, p14 

    The author reflects on the statement from U.S. Secretary of Agriculture Tom Vilsack regarding the significance of ethanol and biodiesel as alternatives to foreign oil.

  • An Alternative Route for Biodiesel Synthesis from Bioethanol. Cursaru, Diana; Manta, Ana Maria; Ghiţă, Dănuţa; Tănăsescu, Constantin // Petroleum - Gas University of Ploiesti Bulletin, Technical Serie;2010, Vol. 62 Issue 3A, p9 

    According to the EU 2003/30/EC directive, all members of EU must replace until 1.01.2010, 5.75 wt% from diesel fuel with biodiesel, succeeding to rise to 10% at the beginning of 2020. The most used method for biodiesel production is the transesterification of the fatty acids from vegetable oils...

  • Process Optimization for Biodiesel Production fromCorn Oil and Its Oxidative Stability. El Boulifi, N.; Bouaid, A.; Martinez, M.; Aracil, J. // International Journal of Chemical Engineering (1687806X);2010, p1 

    Response surface methodology (RSM) based on central composite design (CCD) was used to optimize biodiesel production process from corn oil. The process variables, temperature and catalyst concentration were found to have significant influence on biodiesel yield. The optimum combination derived...

  • Kinetics of palm kernel oil and ethanol transesterification. Ahiekpor, Julius C.; Kuwornoo, David K. // International Journal of Energy & Environment;2010, Issue 6, p1097 

    Biodiesel, an alternative diesel fuel made from renewable sources such as vegetable oils and animal fats, has been identified by government to play a key role in the socio-economic development of Ghana. The utilization of biodiesel is expected to be about 10% of the total liquid fuel mix of the...

  • SÍNTESE CONTÍNUA DE BIODIESEL POR TRANSESTERIFICAÇÃO NÃO CATALÍTICA DE ÓLEO DE PINHÃO MANSO EM ETANOL. Cruzeiro Lopes, Bruna; de Carvalho Lima, Jéssica; Teixeira de Souza, Alexandre // Colloquium Exactarum;jan-jun2012, Vol. 4 Issue 1, p17 

    This project was proposed to facilitate the obtaining of biodiesel using oil extracted from Jatropha curcas L., through transesterification continuous catalytic and non pressurized conditions using ethanol. The experimental analysis aimed to evaluate the influence of process variables such as...

  • Study of manufacturing biodiesel from waste animal fats (chicken) in Morocco. Belgharza, Maryem; EL Azzouzi, EL habib; Kitane, Meryem; El Bouzaidi, Hind; Idrissi, Yahya; Belghiti, Mohamed Alaoui El // Journal of Chemical & Pharmaceutical Research;2014, Vol. 6 Issue 12, p844 

    The objective of this work is to propose a new process to make biodiesel from chicken waste by the transesterification process. The experimental part presents a method to recover fat wastes from the chicken slaughterhouse process and extract the anhydrous fat from it. The final product obtained...

  • Optimization of factors affecting the production of biodiesel from crude palm kernel oil and ethanol. Kuwornoo, David K.; Ahiekpor, Julius C. // International Journal of Energy & Environment;2010, Issue 4, p675 

    Biodiesel, an alternative diesel fuel made from renewable sources such as vegetable oils and animal fats, has been identified by government to play a key role in the socio-economic development of Ghana. The utilization of biodiesel is expected to be about 10% of the total liquid fuel mix of the...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics