Knowledge and Awareness about Contraception among Married Females under Age Group 20 to 35 Years in Rural Area of Sawangi (Meghe), Wardha

Sinha, Amrita; Malhotra, Neharika; Inamdar, SA
January 2012
Journal of South Asian Federation of Obstetrics & Gynecology;Jan-Apr2012, Vol. 4 Issue 1, p43
Academic Journal
Objectives: The aims of the study are: 1. To bridge the gap of knowledge regarding contraception. 2. To enhance the awareness regarding contraception for spacing for a better outcome. 3. To reduce contraceptive related problems, incidence of unwanted pregnancy and pregnancy-related risk in future. 4. To assess the acceptance of different modes of contraception. 5. To find out the success of contraceptive practice which lies in the acceptance of a regular contraceptives to prevent future pregnancies. Materials and methods: It is a qualitative and quantitative descriptive method to assess married females about knowledge of contraception and other areas of reproductive health. Questionnaire will be used to assess the knowledge of 300 married females ranging in age from 20 to 35 years in rural area Sawangi (Meghe) in Wardha district. Results: Most of the respondents used MTP and sterilization (48%), followed by barrier (23%), IUCD (17%), oral contraception (10%). Their spouses were engaged in skilled as well as unskilled work. Respondents were being married for less than 5 years (37%), 36% had a married life span of 5 to 10 years. Literacy rate of contraceptive users were not that much high, 31% had primary schooling followed by 25% had secondary schooling. Majority of them (60%) were in age group 26 to 30 years, followed by 25% in age group 31 to 35 years. Conclusion: This study was done to evaluate the awareness and the use of different mode of contraception in age group 20 to 35 years. This study is mainly focuses on rural hospital to avoid unseen complications of unwanted termination of pregnancy. The awareness of women regarding the various contraceptive methods was high for MTP and sterilization (48%), followed by barrier method (23%). The commonest reason quoted by the women for not using a contraceptive method was the unwillingness of husband. Along with the women, their spouses should be counseled and educated so that awareness spreads to a greater extent.


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