TITLE

Two Sides of the Same Coin: Cannabis Dependence and Mental Health Problems in Help-Seeking Adolescent and Young Adult Outpatients

AUTHOR(S)
Norberg, Melissa; Battisti, Robert; Copeland, Jan; Hermens, Daniel; Hickie, Ian
PUB. DATE
December 2012
SOURCE
International Journal of Mental Health & Addiction;Dec2012, Vol. 10 Issue 6, p818
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The aim of the current study was to delineate the psychiatric profile of cannabis dependent young people (14-29 years old) with mental health problems ( N = 36) seeking treatment via a research study. To do so, the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV-TR Axis I Disorders and the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Childhood Diagnoses were used to obtain DSM-IV diagnoses, while a modified Timeline Followback interview and self-reports were used to measure cannabis use, cannabis-related problems, and impairment. Most individuals had at least two Axis I disorders in addition to cannabis dependence. Anxiety disorders were common, with posttraumatic stress disorder, social phobia, and generalised anxiety disorder accounting for the majority of these diagnoses. On average, young people reported a moderate degree of dependence and functional impairment, and a substantial number of cannabis-related problems. Although both males and females reported using similar quantities of cannabis per month, females reported using cannabis more frequently than males. The current data suggest that young people who present for cannabis use treatment in the context of a mental health issue may have a variety of psychiatric problems that need addressed and that males and females may have slightly different profiles. If cannabis use treatments are to advance for this population, more attention needs to be paid to the complex issues that young people present to treatment with.
ACCESSION #
84188211

 

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