TITLE

THE CONTROVERSIES OVER BIOENERGY IN DENMARK: 'BIO' IS NOT THE SAME AS 'SUSTAINABLE.'

AUTHOR(S)
Jørgensen, Michael Søgaard; Andersen, Bente Hessellund
PUB. DATE
November 2012
SOURCE
Environmental Engineering & Management Journal (EEMJ);Nov2012, Vol. 11 Issue 11, p2101
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Based on the approach of 'arena of development' controversies over bioenergy in the shaping of a Danish climate strategy are analyzed as a contribution to a sustainable transition perspective on bioenergy in industrialized societies with substantial agricultural production. Bioenergy plays a prominent role in several Danish climate and energy plans, alongside with wind and solar energy, and energy savings. There are major controversies about targets for bioenergy with respect to acceptable types, sources and amounts of biomass. Strong path dependency is identified. Energy companies in Denmark convert coal fired power plants to biomass in order to sustain the role of these power plants. Their increasing use of imported wood pellets is criticized for increasing greenhouse gas emissions because of fast logging of years of forest growth. A Danish biotech company is developing enzymes for processing of biomass for biofuels. The alignment with the private car regime is strong, because biofuel enables continuation of fuel-driven vehicles as dominating transportation mode. Danish farmers see manure as important source for biogas while arguing for reduction of climate impact and nuisances from digested manure. Such biogas is questioned by some NGOs who fear manure-based biogas is used as argument for increased animal husbandry. The bioenergy controversies concern also methodologies for environmental assessments, including for indirect land use changes (ILUC), and reliability of certification schemes. The mapping of controversies identifies issues that probably need to be taken into account in shaping of Danish bioenergy strategies if these strategies should gain substantial legitimacy among environmental NGOs.
ACCESSION #
83753956

 

Related Articles

  • An Assessment of Thailand's Biofuel Development. Kumar, S.; Abdul Salam, P.; Shrestha, Pujan; Kofi Ackom, Emmanuel // Sustainability (2071-1050);Apr2013, Vol. 5 Issue 4, p1577 

    The paper provides an assessment of first generation biofuel (ethanol and biodiesel) development in Thailand in terms of feedstock used, production trends, planned targets and policies and discusses the biofuel sustainability issues—environmental, socio-economic and food security aspects....

  • Testing for the Best Instrument to Generate Sustainable Food Consumption. Panzone, Luca; Perino, Grischa; Swanson, Timothy; Leung, Denise // International Journal on Food System Dynamics;2011, Vol. 2 Issue 3, p237 

    The increase in the level of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the atmosphere in the last centuries, and the subsequent increase in temperature, has been a widely studied area in the last few decades. Clima te change has become a key item on the political agenda due to concerns regarding the...

  • Emulating new policy goals into past successes: Greenhouse gas emissions mitigation as a side effect of biofuels programmes in Brazil. Maroun, Christianne; Schaeffer, Roberto // Climate & Development;2012, Vol. 4 Issue 3, p187 

    The Sustainable Development � Policies and Measures (SD-PAM) proposal, in which developing countries could achieve greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation goals as side effects of sustainable development programmes, is a creative option for international climate-driven agreements that consider the...

  • THE BRAZILIAN EXPERIENCE IN BUILDING A SUSTAINABLE AND COMPETITIVE BIOFUEL INDUSTRY. CALFUCOY, PAULINA // Wisconsin International Law Journal;Fall2012, Vol. 30 Issue 3, p558 

    Growing concerns about climate change have prompted developed countries to adopt policies to improve the sustainability of their transport sector. Among these, the introduction of Biofuels seems to be a viable possibility in the short term to replace gasoline and diesel. However, some...

  • Biomass energy: Sustainable solution for greenhouse gas emission. Sadrul Islam, A. K. M.; Ahiduzzaman, M. // AIP Conference Proceedings;6/30/2012, Vol. 1440 Issue 1, p23 

    Biomass is part of the carbon cycle. Carbon dioxide is produced after combustion of biomass. Over a relatively short timescale, carbon dioxide is renewed from atmosphere during next generation of new growth of green vegetation. Contribution of renewable energy including hydropower, solar,...

  • Is There a Long-Term Relationship Between Agricultural GHG Emissions and Productivity Growth? A Dynamic Panel Data Approach. Coderoni, Silvia; Esposti, Roberto // Environmental & Resource Economics;Jun2014, Vol. 58 Issue 2, p273 

    The paper adopts a single-country regional panel dataset to analyse the long-term relationship between agricultural greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions and productivity growth and, consequently, to assess emissions sustainability. The hypothesis of emission sustainability is assessed by estimating...

  • Impact of the Introduction of Biofuel in the Transportation Sector in Indonesia. Jupesta, Joni // Sustainability (2071-1050);Jun2010, Vol. 2 Issue 6, p1831 

    Indonesia faces serious energy problems; its status as an oil exporter has changed to that of a net oil importer. Additionally, a highly subsidized price of fossil fuels, combined with a high dependency on oil, burden Indonesia's national budget. In 2006, the government enacted a Mix Energy...

  • 'Low-carbon' construction.  // Forestry & British Timber;Apr2005, Vol. 34 Issue 4, p8 

    Features a building that serves as an exemplar of 'low-carbon' construction techniques that is also helping to train five young joinery apprentices in sustainable construction techniques in Scotland. Scheme's reflection of the commitment to sustainability, innovation and skills; Reduction of...

  • GREEN LOGISTICS - A CONDITION OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT. ???Alexandra-Codruța, ???POPESCU (married BÎZOI); Alexandru, ȘIPOȘ Ciprian // Revista Economica;2015, Vol. 67 Issue 4, p112 

    Green logistics is a field of growing interest. As a part of logistics, transportation is a major source of economic, social and environmental impacts. In our paper, we analyze the sustainability of the European transportation system in accordance with its effects on the economy, society, and...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics