Prevalence of depression and its associated factors using Beck Depression Inventory among students of a medical college in Karnataka

Kumar, Ganesh S.; Jain, Animesh; Hegde, Supriya
July 2012
Indian Journal of Psychiatry;Jul-Sep2012, Vol. 54 Issue 3, p223
Academic Journal
Background and Objective: Depression among medical students is an area of increasing concern worldwide. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of depression and its associated factors among medical students. Materials and Methods: A stratified random sample of 400 students was assessed using Beck Depression Inventory by investigators. Associations between depression and class of studying, social factors like alcohol use, drug addiction, family problems, family history of depression, and staying away from home were analyzed by univariate analysis. Results: The overall prevalence of depression was found to be 71.25%. Among those with depression, a majority (80%) had mild and moderate degree of depression. The study showed that 46.3% (132) of the depressed were females and 53.7% (153) were males. According to cut-off scores, 115 students (29.8%) scored as normal (0-9), 111 (27.8%) as mild (10-18), 117 (29.3%) as moderate (19-29), 30 (7.5%) as severe (30-40), and 27 (6.7%) as very severe (>40) depression. The prevalence of depression was comparatively less among 1st and 2nd year medical students (57% and 50%, respectively) and the difference between the grade of depression and year of studying was found to be significant (X2=122, P<0.001). The prevalence was significantly more among those with family problems and family history of depression. Conclusion: Depression is highly prevalent among medical students in this area. Our findings point to the importance of broad screening and psychiatric counseling of this vulnerable population.


Related Articles

  • The Role of Parenting and Mother-Adolescent Attachment in the Intergenerational Similarity of Internalizing Symptoms. Brenning, Katrijn; Soenens, Bart; Braet, Caroline; Bal, Sarah // Journal of Youth & Adolescence;Jun2012, Vol. 41 Issue 6, p802 

    Parental depression has been identified as a risk factor for children's and adolescents' internalizing problems. In the current study, we aimed to investigate the role of maternal parenting behaviors (i.e., responsiveness and autonomy-support) and adolescents' representations of attachment to...

  • Prevalence and risk factors for depression among community resident older people in Kerala. Nakulan, Anisha; Sumesh, T. P.; Kumar, Sebind; Rejani, P. P.; Shaji, K. S. // Indian Journal of Psychiatry;Jul-Sep2015, Vol. 57 Issue 3, p262 

    Background: Depression is the most common mental health problem in late-life. We need more information about the incidence and prevalence of major and minor syndromes of depression in older people. This will help in service development. Aims: To estimate the prevalence of depressive disorders...

  • Prevalence and risk factors of depressive symptoms in a Canadian palliative home care population: a cross-sectional study. Fisher, Kathryn A.; Seow, Hsien; Brazil, Kevin; Freeman, Shannon; Frise Smith, Trevor; Guthrie, Dawn M // BMC Palliative Care;2014, Vol. 13 Issue 1, p10 

    Background: Depression in palliative care patients is important because of its intrinsic burden and association with elevated physical symptoms, reduced immunity and increased mortality risk. Identifying risk factors associated with depression can enable clinicians to more readily diagnose it,...

  • Individual and peer factors associated with ketamine use among adolescents in Taiwan. Lee, Kun-Hua; Yeh, Yi-Chun; Yang, Pin-Chen; Lin, Huang-Chi; Wang, Peng-Wei; Liu, Tai-Ling; Yen, Cheng-Fang // European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry;Oct2012, Vol. 21 Issue 10, p553 

    The aim of this cross-sectional study was to examine the individual (demographic characteristics, substance-using behaviors, emotional status, and negative outcome expectancy) and peer factors associated with ketamine use in Taiwanese adolescents. A total of 9,860 adolescents completed the...

  • Depressive symptoms in late life in urban and semi-urban areas of South-West Greece: An undetected disorder? Argyropoulos, Konstantinos; Bartsokas, Christos; Argyropoulou, Argyro; Gourzis, Philippos; Jelastopulu, Eleni // Indian Journal of Psychiatry;Jul-Sep2015, Vol. 57 Issue 3, p295 

    Objective: The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence and probable under-diagnosis of depressive symptoms in elderly of an urban and semi-urban area in Greece. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among the members of 4 days care centers for older people...

  • Racial/Ethnic Differences in Depressive Symptoms Among Young Women: The Role of Intimate Partner Violence, Trauma, and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Hirth, Jacqueline M.; Berenson, Abbey B. // Journal of Women's Health (15409996);Sep2012, Vol. 21 Issue 9, p966 

    Purpose: It is unclear why rates of depression differ by race/ethnicity among young women. This study examines whether racial/ethnic differences in depressive symptoms are reduced by intimate partner violence (IPV), traumatic events, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms among a...

  • Impact of intimate partner violence on anxiety and depression amongst women in Ile-Ife, Nigeria. Mapayi, Boladale; Makanjuola, R.; Mosaku, S.; Adewuya, O.; Afolabi, O.; Aloba, O.; Akinsulore, A. // Archives of Women's Mental Health;Feb2013, Vol. 16 Issue 1, p11 

    Research into intimate partner violence in the Nigerian environment has been limited. The objective of this study was to determine, amongst a sample of women attending the Enuwa Primary Health Care Center, Ile-Ife, the association between intimate partner violence and anxiety/depression. A...

  • Correlates of Identity Configurations: Three Studies with Adolescent and Emerging Adult Cohorts. Crocetti, Elisabetta; Scrignaro, Marta; Sica, Luigia; Magrin, Maria // Journal of Youth & Adolescence;Jun2012, Vol. 41 Issue 6, p732 

    Adolescence and emerging adulthood are two core developmental periods in which individuals can develop a meaningful identity across domains. However, there is a lack of studies exploring correlates of different identity configurations. The purpose of this article was to fill this gap in...

  • Predictors of Obesity in Michigan Operating Engineers. Duffy, Sonia; Cohen, Kathleen; Choi, Seung; McCullagh, Marjorie; Noonan, Devon // Journal of Community Health;Jun2012, Vol. 37 Issue 3, p619 

    Blue collar workers are at risk for obesity. Little is known about obesity in Operating Engineers, a group of blue collar workers, who operate heavy earth-moving equipment in road building and construction. Therefore, 498 Operating Engineers in Michigan were recruited to participate in a...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics