Renewable Energy and Rural Environment in India: Challenges Ahead

Buragohain, Tarujyoti
April 2012
International Proceedings of Chemical, Biological & Environmenta;2012, Vol. 33, p139
Academic Journal
In order to fulfill the goal of 'Power for all by 2012' the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) has been implementing the 'Remote Village Electrification Programme (RVEP)' to electrify all unelectrified census villages and hamlets by installing solar photovoltaic (PV) home lighting systems. Under the programme, the Ministry provides up to 90 per cent of the cost of the systems as subsidy to the state implementing agencies and 10 per cent of the cost is provided by the state government. The programme is being implemented in all the states. An evaluation study was carried out by National Council of Applied Economic Research (NCAER) in six most difficult states, viz Assam, Meghalaya, Jharkhand, Odisha, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh in India [1, 2]. In this paper an attempt is made to assess (a) the functionality of the solar PV systems provided to the households and (b) social impact of the programme among the beneficiaries in all these six states. During rainy seasons 50 to 99 per cent of beneficiaries reported of having light for less than three hours. During winter 34 to 79 per cent reported of having light for more than four hours whereas during summer 79 to 91 per cent reported of having light for more than four hours a day.


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