Kars ve Erzurum İlleri Entansif Sığır Besi İşletmelerinin Ekonomik Analizi

November 2012
Kafkas Universitesi Veteriner Fakultesi Dergisi;2012, Vol. 18 Issue 6, p997
Academic Journal
This study was conducted for the purpose of determining the resource utilization effectiveness of intensive cattle fattening enterprises in the provinces of Kars and Erzurum and determining the profitability and productivity of these enterprises. The material of the study consists of data obtained in the year 2009 and year 2010 fattening periods from intensive cattle fattening enterprises in the provinces of Kars and Erzurum through the face-to-face questionnaire method and data pertaining to the TAR-ET project of the Meat and Fish Institution Erzurum Meat Combine. The data was analyzed through the utilization of the Microsoft Excel and SPSS 12.0 programs. Productivity analyses have been evaluated with the Cobb-Douglas type production function and profitability analyses have been evaluated through profitability rations. In a total of 143 intensive cattle fattening enterprises examined under the scope of the study, the established capacity was determined as 7554 head, capacity utilization rate as 60.2±3.48%, average enterprise size as 31.8±2.06 head, fattening initiation LW as 200.7±2.44 kg, fattening finalization LW as 454.8±5.31 kg, daily LWI as 1123±9.55 g, fattening period as 225.8±3.05 days, feed consumption in terms of dry substances for 1 kg in LWI as 8.981±0.10 kg, warm carcass weight as 258.7±3.42 kg, and carcass productivity as 61.7±0.16%. In all of the enterprises, within the overall total of costs the share of fattening costs have been determined respectively as 50.56%, feed costs as 27.33%, labor costs as 11.08%, veterinary health expenditure as 1.23%, maintenance repair expenditure as 1.24%, other expenditure as 6.07% and 1 kg carcass cost has been determined as 12.29 TL ($8.09), 1 kg LWI cost as 5.84 TL ($3.84), 1 kg LW cost as 6.99 TL ($4.60), financial profitability as 11.26%, economic profitability as 10.36%, profitability factor as 9.65%, partial feed technical productivity as 0.117 kg carcass, partial labor technical productivity as 23.47 kg/day carcass, and output/input rate as 1.11. Within the scope of the study, according to the Cobb-Douglas production function, the productivity of the scale has been determined as 0.956 and the determination coefficient has been determined as 0.97. For all of the enterprises, the calculated MVP values are 0.5558 TL for fattening material, 2.9090 TL for feed, -1.0459 TL for labor, 6.9290 TL for veterinary health expenditure, and 0.9546 TL for other cost elements.


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