Assessment of CO2 Emissions in the Petroleum Refining in Cameroon

Tamba, Jean Gaston; Njomo, Donatien; Mbog, Eric Tonye
December 2011
Universal Journal of Environmental Research & Technology;Dec2011, Vol. 1 Issue 4, p455
Academic Journal
CO2 has risen to the top of the list of the energy sector's environmental impacts and petroleum refining in particular, as the source of anthropogenic climate change. CO2 emissions inventory from the petroleum refining sector in Cameroon reported in this article was conducted following the recommendations of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC); it concerns the unique refinery called the Cameroon national refinery (SONARA). This assessment is based on a bottom-up methodology of Tier 3. The combustibles data are obtained from the SONARA Technical Department during the period 2000-2008. The combustibles emission factors were determined after measurements following the American Society of Testing Materials standards within the SONARA laboratory. Hence, assessment results of CO2 emissions at the SONARA show about 239 kilotons of CO2 were rejected into the atmosphere. That is 5.56% the total CO2 emissions in Cameroon for the year 2008. Moreover, the furnace of the atmospheric unit distillation is the combustion zone that emits the most CO2. Emissions account for 45% of CO2 emissions at the SONARA that is an average of 96.3 kilotons. This is the first CO2 inventory for the petroleum refining category carried out in Cameroon; but we could not include fugitive emissions. However, the guidelines of the UNFCCC on GHG inventories state that countries shall report a national communication of anthropogenic emissions to the Conference of Parties, according to their capacities.


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