Assessing Environmental Impacts of Short Rotation Coppice (SRC) Expansion: Model Definition and Preliminary Results

Langeveld, Hans; Quist-Wessel, Foluke; Dimitriou, Ioannis; Aronsson, Pär; Baum, Christel; Schulz, Ulrich; Bolte, Andreas; Baum, Sarah; Köhn, Jörg; Weih, Martin; Gruss, Holger; Leinweber, Peter; Lamersdorf, Norbert; Schmidt-Walter, Paul; Berndes, Göran
September 2012
BioEnergy Research;Sep2012, Vol. 5 Issue 3, p621
Academic Journal
Short rotation coppice (SRC) systems can play a role as feedstock for bioenergy supply contributing to EU energy and climate policy targets. A scenario depicting intensive arable crop cultivation in a homogeneous landscape (lacking habitat structures) was compared to a scenario including SRC cultivation on 20 % of arable land. A range of indicators was selected to assess the consequences of SRC on soil, water and biodiversity, using data from the Rating-SRC project (Sweden and Germany). The results of the assessment were presented using spider diagrams. Establishment and use of SRC for bioenergy has both positive and negative effects. The former include increased carbon sequestration and reduced GHG emissions as well as reduced soil erosion, groundwater nitrate and surface runoff. SRC can be used in phytoremediation and improves plant and breeding bird biodiversity (exceptions: grassland and arable land species) but should not be applied in dry areas or on soils high in toxic trace elements (exception: cadmium). The scenario-based analysis was found useful for studying the consequences of SRC cultivation at larger scales. Limitations of the approach are related to data requirements and compatibility and its restricted ability to cover spatial diversity and dynamic processes. The findings should not be generalised beyond the representativeness of the data used.


Related Articles

  • Short Rotation Coppice (SRC) Plantations Provide Additional Habitats for Vascular Plant Species in Agricultural Mosaic Landscapes. Baum, Sarah; Bolte, Andreas; Weih, Martin // BioEnergy Research;Sep2012, Vol. 5 Issue 3, p573 

    Increasing loss of biodiversity in agricultural landscapes is often debated in the bioenergy context, especially with respect to non-traditional crops that can be grown for energy production in the future. As promising renewable energy source and additional landscape element, the potential role...

  • Bio-Energy Retains Its Mitigation Potential Under Elevated CO2. Marion Liberloo; Luyssaert, Sebastiaan; Bellassen, Valentin; Djomo, Sylvestre Njakou; Lukac, Martin; Calfapietra, Carlo; Janssens, Ivan A.; Hoosbeek, Marcel R.; Viovy, Nicolas; Churkina, Galina; Scarascia-Mugnozza, Giuseppe; Ceulemans, Reinhart // PLoS ONE;2010, Vol. 5 Issue 7, p1 

    Background: If biofuels are to be a viable substitute for fossil fuels, it is essential that they retain their potential to mitigate climate change under future atmospheric conditions. Elevated atmospheric CO2 concentration [CO2] stimulates plant biomass production; however, the beneficial...

  • GIS-based Tools for Regional Assessments and Planning Processes Regarding Potential Environmental Effects of Poplar SRC. Busch, Gerald // BioEnergy Research;Sep2012, Vol. 5 Issue 3, p584 

    Based on regional stakeholder preferences and planning guidelines as allocation criteria for SRC, this study aims at providing a transparent approach to evaluate multiple environmental effects and the regional significance of SRC systems. Using the example of two poplar SRC-systems (4-year...

  • Environmental Impacts of Short Rotation Coppice (SRC) Grown for Biomass on Agricultural Land. Weih, Martin; Dimitriou, Ioannis // BioEnergy Research;Sep2012, Vol. 5 Issue 3, p535 

    An introduction is presented in which the editor discusses various articles within the issue on topics including impact of short rotation coppice (SRC) plantations on soil, water, and biodiversity, landscape issues, and a semiquantitative impact assessment model for environmental issues.

  • Meeting Sustainability Requirements for SRC Bioenergy: Usefulness of Existing Tools, Responsibilities of Involved Stakeholders, and Recommendations for Further Developments. Englund, Oskar; Berndes, Göran; Fredrikson, Fredrik; Dimitriou, Ioannis // BioEnergy Research;Sep2012, Vol. 5 Issue 3, p606 

    Short rotation coppice (SRC) is considered an important biomass supply option for meeting the European renewable energy targets. This paper presents an overview of existing and prospective sustainability requirements, Member State reporting obligations and parts of the methodology for...

  • Greenhouse gas balance of cropland conversion to bioenergy poplar short-rotation coppice. Sabbatini, S.; Arriga, N.; Bertolini, T.; Castaldi, S.; Chiti, T.; Consalvo, C.; Njakou Djomo, S.; Gioli, B.; Matteucci, G.; Papale, D. // Biogeosciences Discussions;2016, Vol. 13 Issue 1, p95 

    The production of bioenergy in Europe is one of the strategies conceived to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The suitability of the land use change from a cropland (REF site) to a short-rotation coppice plantation of hybrid poplar (SRC site) was investigated by comparing the GHG budgets of...

  • Evaluating ecosystem processes in willow short rotation coppice bioenergy plantations. Rowe, Rebecca L.; Goulson, Dave; Doncaster, C. Patrick; Clarke, Donna J.; Taylor, Gail; Hanley, Mick E. // GCB Bioenergy;May2013, Vol. 5 Issue 3, p257 

    Despite a growing body of research linking bioenergy cultivation to changing patterns of biodiversity, there has been remarkably little interest in how bioenergy plantations affect key ecosystem processes underpinning important ecosystem services. In this study, we compare how the processes of...

  • The New EU Biofuels Mandate. Williamson, Gabrielle // Environmental Forum;Nov/Dec2008, Vol. 25 Issue 6, p20 

    The article focuses on the issues underpinning the new biofuel directive of the European Union (EU). According to the commission, the initial implementation of biofuels will result in a 50% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2014. It outlines that the topic concerning the level of...

  • First willow harvested for Wilton power station.  // Farmers Weekly;3/23/2007, Vol. 146 Issue 12, p8 

    The article reports on the harvesting of short-rotation coppice in north-east England. The first crop of short-rotation coppice has been harvested in north-east England for the Wilton ten power station on Teesside. The Wilton ten power station will use 300,000 tons of wood annually of which some...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics