The usage of urinals in Kenyan schools

Freeman, Matthew C.; Sriel, Marielle; Vousif, Mohamed El-Fatih; Gitahi, Samuel; Khan, Farooq; Wochira, Samuel; Krukkert, Ingeborg
July 2012
Waterlines;Jul2012, Vol. 31 Issue 3, p226
Academic Journal
This study focused on the usage of urinals in Kenyan schools and the potential impact of constructing urinals to improve access to school sanitation facilities. Our objectives were: to assess the latrine use patterns for sanitation infrastructure at Kenyan primary schools and to determine the optimal pupil: latrine ratio where adequate urinals are provided. Calculations were based on observation and pupil report. Boys' urinals are relatively inexpensive to construct and maintain, may be longer lasting, require little in the way of behaviour change, and can accommodate a large number of boys at one time. Construction of boys' urinals in order to provide additional latrines for girls may be the most cost-effective, equitable solution in both the short and long term and may offset the cost of more expensive facilities for girls. Access to urinals will help alleviate congestion at latrines, improve conditions, reduce maintenance costs, and sustain latrines longer.


Related Articles

  • Remember the 'Six for Success'. Kneiszel, Jim // Pumper;Jul2010, p10 

    The article presents tips to guarantee good portable sanitation service. It states the importance of evaluating the inventory such as the condition of the restroom stock. It highlights the value of technicians' work attitude and appearance on the job. It also suggests preparing additional...

  • Waterless Urinals: Not Just For The Environment. Bennett, Will // Cleaning & Maintenance Management;Oct2011, Vol. 48 Issue 10, p34 

    The article discusses the use of waterless urinals as an environmentally-friendly sanitation method. According to the method, a clean and hygienic restroom is important for any building as they often serve as an ambassador and as a significant indicator about the overall status of a building....

  • Tenders Info Reports 08-20-2019: Honduras.  // Tenders Info Reports;8/20/2019, pN.PAG 

    No abstract available.

  • FAECAL SLUDGE MANAGEMENT CONFERENCE REPORT. Brown, Sally // BioCycle;Mar/Apr2015, Vol. 56 Issue 3, p12 

    The article discusses the third Faecal Sludge Management (FSM 3) conference held in Hanoi, Vietnam on January 19-21, 2015. Topics discussed include presentations from Viet Anh Nguyen, Associate Professor and General Director of Ministry of Construction in Vietnam, on the faecal sludge...

  • University flushes costs with waterless urinals.  // Government Product News;Jan2008, Vol. 47 Issue 1, p41 

    The article reports that the University of California Santa Barbara (UCSB) has installed waterless urinal systems in its Donald Bren School of Environmental Science & Management facility which enables them to save money. The installation of waterless urinals have helped the facility reduce...

  • Portable Sanitation and Special Events. Mandli, Craig // Pumper;Apr2014, p76 

    The article presents information on the products related to portable sanitation including Aspen Elite portable restrooms from Five Peaks Technology Inc., Pluto3 mobile urinals from Atlas Portable Sanitation, and Flat Vac versatile multipurpose portable restroom tank truck from Amthor...

  • Water Conservation.  // Consulting-Specifying Engineer;Jun2006, Vol. 39 Issue 6, p24 

    The article focuses on the importance of water conservation and the sensible way of its usage. During a sport event, the use of restroom by spectators for 3 to 4 hours will badly deplete the water supply. Waterless urinals, low-flow fixtures and infrared flush valves are needed to reduce the...

  • Portable Sanitation. Mandli, Craig // Pumper;Apr2013, p70 

    The article offers a review of waste management industry products including portable sanitation service truck from Advance Pump and Equipment Inc., Ever-Fresh pump oil additive from Chempace Corp. and Pluto3 mobile urinals from the company Atlas Portable Sanitation.

  • Tent City. DAGEFORDE, BETTY // PRO: Portable Restroom Operator;Sep2014, p14 

    The article offers information on Comfort Zone Portables which provided mobile sanitation facilities forTomorrowWorld music festival at Chattahoochee Hills in Atlanta, Georgia on September 26 to 30, 2013. Operator Mark Slade partnered with Peter Van Overbeek of Netherlands to introduce the...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics