TITLE

Effect of iron-fortified foods on hematologic and biological outcomes: systematic review of randomized controlled trials

AUTHOR(S)
Gera, Tarun; Singh Sachdev, Harshpal; Boy, Erick
PUB. DATE
August 2012
SOURCE
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition;Aug2012, Vol. 96 Issue 2, p309
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: The utility of iron fortification of food to improve iron deficiency, anemia, and biological outcomes is not proven unequivocally. Objectives: The objectives were to evaluate 1) the effect of iron fortification on hemoglobin and serum ferritin and the prevalence of iron deficiency and anemia, 2) the possible predictors of a positive hemoglobin response, 3) the effect of iron fortification on zinc and iron status, and 4) the effect of iron-fortified foods on mental and motor development, anthropometric measures, and infections. Design: Randomized and pseudorandomized controlled trials that included food fortification or biofortification with iron were included. Results: Data from 60 trials showed that iron fortification of foods resulted in a significant increase in hemoglobin (0.42 g/dL; 95% CI: 0.28, 0.56; P < 0.001) and serum ferritin (1.36 µg/L; 95% CI: 1.23, 1.52; P < 0.001), a reduced risk of anemia (RR: 0.59; 95% CI: 0.48, 0.71; P < 0.001) and iron deficiency (RR: 0.48; 95% CI: 0.38, 0.62; P < 0.001), improvement in other indicators of iron nutriture, and no effect on serum zinc concentrations, infections, physical growth, and mental and motor development. Significant heterogeneity was observed for most of the evaluated outcomes. Sensitivity analyses and meta-regression for hemoglobin suggested a higher response with lower trial quality (suboptimal allocation concealment and blinding), use of condiments, and sodium iron edetate and a lower response when adults were included. Conclusion: Consumption of iron-fortified foods results in an improvement in hemoglobin, serum ferritin, and iron nutriture and a reduced risk of remaining anemic and iron deficient.
ACCESSION #
78098033

 

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