A study of the energetics of the Cl2/MgO(001) interface using correlation corrected periodic Hartree–Fock theory

McCarthy, Maureen I.; Hess, Anthony C.; Harrison, N. M.; Saunders, V. R.
April 1993
Journal of Chemical Physics;4/15/1993, Vol. 98 Issue 8, p6387
Academic Journal
The energetics of the Cl2/MgO(001) interface were investigated using the ab initio periodic Hartree–Fock (PHF) method and local density functional correlation corrections to PHF theory, as implemented in the program CRYSTAL92. Estimates of the correlation corrected PHF energies are made by post-SCF evaluations of three gradient corrected functionals. The correlation energy is calculated from the fully converged ground state PHF charge density and added to the PHF total energy. This is the first study of interfacial energetics using the correlation corrected PHF theory. PHF and correlation corrected molecule/surface binding energies are reported for seven orientations of the adsorbate with respect to the surface plane. Three of the configurations align the intramolecular axes along the surface normal and the remaining geometries arrange the molecules heat-to-tail, parallel to the surface plane. The most favorable interaction occurs when chlorine approaches a surface oxygen along the normal direction. This site preference is consistent with a classical electrostatic description of the physisorption process. The binding energy increases with decreasing surface coverage. At the most dilute coverage studied (1:8) the PHF binding energy was 4.1 kcal/mol and the correlation corrected binding energies ranged from 9.2 to 10.3 kcal/mol. All three functionals tended to increase the molecule/surface attractions, shorten the molecule/surface equilibrium distance, increase the curvature of the molecule/surface potential energy surface near equilibrium, and reduce the molecule/molecule repulsions.


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