TITLE

Large-scale cereal processing before domestication during the tenth millennium cal BC in northern Syria

AUTHOR(S)
Willcox, George; Stordeur, Danielle
PUB. DATE
March 2012
SOURCE
Antiquity;Mar2012, Vol. 86 Issue 331, p99
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
At Jerf el Ahmar in northern Syria the authors have excavated a settlement where the occupants were harvesting and processing barley 1000 years in advance of its domestication. Rows of querns installed in square stone and daub buildings leave no doubt that this was a community dedicated to the systematic production of food from wild cereals. Given the plausible suggestion that barley was being cultivated, the site opens a window onto a long period of pre-domestic agriculture. Rye was also harvested, its chaff used to temper mud walls.
ACCESSION #
73919055

 

Related Articles

  • Did Neolithic farming fail? The case for a Bronze Age agricultural revolution in the British Isles. Stevens, Chris J.; Fuller, Dorian Q.; Carver, Martin // Antiquity;Sep2012, Vol. 86 Issue 333, p707 

    This paper rewrites the early history of Britain, showing that while the cultivation of cereals arrived there in about 4000 cal BC, it did not last. Between 3300 and 1500 BC Britons became largely pastoral, reverting only with a major upsurge of agricultural activity in the Middle Bronze Age....

  • Oldest farming village in Mediterranean.  // Digging Stick;Apr2013, Vol. 30 Issue 1, p15 

    The article discusses the discovery of the oldest agricultural settlement on a Mediterranean island which reveals that organised communities were built in Cyprus between 11100 and 10600 BC.

  • Beyond the drip-line: a high-resolution open-air Holocene hunter-gatherer sequence from highland Lesotho. Mitchell, Peter; Plug, Ina; Bailey, Geoff; Charles, Ruth; Esterhuysen, Amanda; Thorp, Julia Lee; Parker, Adrian; Woodborne, Stephan // Antiquity;Dec2011, Vol. 85 Issue 330, p1225 

    The activities of hunter-gatherers are often captured in rockshelters, but here the authors present a study of a riverside settlement outside one, with a rich sequence from 1300 BC to AD 800. Thanks to frequent flooding, periods of occupation were sealed and could be examined in situ. The...

  • Plant foods in the Upper Palaeolithic at Dolní VÄ›stonice? Parenchyma redux. Pryor, Alexander J. E.; Steele, Madeline; Jones, Martin K.; Svoboda, Jiří; Beresford-Jones, David G. // Antiquity;Dec2013, Vol. 87 Issue 338, p971 

    The classic image of Upper Palaeolithic hunter-gatherers in Europe envisages them hunting large mammals in largely treeless landscapes. That is partly due to the nature of the surviving archaeological evidence, and the poor preservation of plant remains at such ancient sites. As this study...

  • What was a mortarium used for? Organic residues and cultural change in Iron Age and Roman Britain. Cramp, Lucy J. E.; Evershed, Richard P.; Eckardt, Hella // Antiquity;Dec2011, Vol. 85 Issue 330, p1339 

    The Romans brought the mortarium to Britain in the first century AD, and there has long been speculation on its actual purpose. Using analysis of the residues trapped in the walls of these 'kitchen blenders' and comparing them with Iron Age and Roman cooking pots, the authors show that it wasn't...

  • PREHISTORIC TIMES - THE ORIGINS OF FOOD PRODUCTION.  // Encyclopedia of World History;2001, p12 

    Information on the origin of food production during the prehistoric times is presented. Archaeologists believe that the development of agriculture and animal domestication in the Near East were prominent during the Neolithic Revolution. The article discussed how occasional food shortages lead to...

  • The role of cult and feasting in the emergence of Neolithic communities. New evidence from Göbekli Tepe, south-eastern Turkey. Dietrich, Oliver; Heun, Manfred; Notroff, Jens; Schmidt, Klaus; Zarnkow, Martin; Carver, Martin // Antiquity;Sep2012, Vol. 86 Issue 333, p674 

    Göbekli Tepe is one of the most important archaeological discoveries of modern times, pushing back the origins of monumentality beyond the emergence of agriculture. We are pleased to present a of work in progress by the excavators of this remarkable site and their latest thoughts about its...

  • ETHNOGRAPHIC PERSPECTIVES ON ARCHAEOBOTANY. TIMBROOK, JAN // Proceedings of the Society for California Archaeology;2012, Vol. 26, p220 

    In California Native cultures, plants played far greater and more diverse roles than animals - in food, clothing, housing, tools, medicine, ceremony, and more. After decades of focusing on lithic and faunal remains, California archaeologists now know that an understanding of prehistoric cultures...

  • Early Domestication in South Asia Based on Archaeobotanical Evidence: I. Crop Plants. Damania, A. B. // Asian Agri-History;Jan-Mar2012, Vol. 16 Issue 1, p3 

    Farming for food is believed to have originated in the Near-East about 10,000 years ago and is considered to be the most important development in human history. From the present archaeobotanical evidence it is surmised that the practice ofagriculture took about 1000 to 2000 years before it...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics