Hunter-gatherers, biogeographic barriers and the development of human settlement in Tierra del Fuego

Morello, Flavia; Borrero, Luis; Massone, Mauricio; Stern, Charles; García-Herbst, Arleen; McCulloch, Robert; Arroyo-Kalin, Manuel; Calás, Elisa; Torres, Jimena; Prieto, Alfredo; Martinez, Ismael; Bahamonde, Gabriel; Cárdenas, Pedro
March 2012
Antiquity;Mar2012, Vol. 86 Issue 331, p71
Academic Journal
Tierra del Fuego represents the southernmost limit of human settlement in the Americas. While people may have started to arrive there around 10 500 BP, when it was still connected to the mainland, the main wave of occupation occurred 5000 years later, by which time it had become an island. The co-existence in the area of maritime hunter-gatherers (in canoes) with previous terrestrial occupants pre-echoes the culturally distinctive groups encountered by the first European visitors in the sixteenth century. The study also provides a striking example of interaction across challenging natural barriers.


Related Articles

  • An Early Holocene task camp (Ëœ8.5 ka ca1 BP) on the coast of the semi-arid north of Chile. Ballester, Benjamín; Jackson, Donald; Carré, Matthiu; Maldonado, Antonio; Méndez, César; Seguel, Roxana // Antiquity;Mar2012, Vol. 86 Issue 331, p88 

    According to current thinking, the peopling of South America involved a coastal as well as an inland exploitation. Here the authors describe a camp that may denote a transition between the two. As indicated by bifacial tools, the investigation shows that people began to move inland and hunt...

  • OCUPACIONES HUMANAS TEMPRANAS Y CONDICIONES PALEOAMBIENTALES EN EL DESIERTO DE ATACAMA DURANTE LA TRANSICIÓN PLEISTOCENO-HOLOCENO. Santoro, Calogero M.; Osorio, Daniela; Standen, Vivien G.; Ugalde, Paula C.; Herrera, Katherine; Gayó, Eugenia M.; Rothhammer, Francisco; Latorre, Claudio // Boletín de Arqueología PUCP;2011, Issue 15, p295 

    The Atacama Desert (from Arica to Taltal, 18°-25° S), one of the driest environments on Earth, has been considered an inhospitable habitat and hence a major barrier for the hunter and gatherer groups that migrated to South America at the end of the Pleistocene. Recent paleoecological and...

  • Chulmun Neolithic Intensification, Complexity, and Emerging Agriculture in Korea. SOOK-CHUNG SHIN; SONG-NAI RHEE; AIKENS, C. MELVIN // Asian Perspectives: Journal of Archeology for Asia & the Pacific;Spring2012, Vol. 51 Issue 1, p68 

    The article explores the emergence of complex society in prehistoric Korea. Particular focus is given to how complicated societies relate to both hunter-gatherer culture and the development of Bronze Age agriculture. Additional topics discussed include the Korean Neolithic period, an examination...

  • PROCESAMIENTO DE FAUNA EXTINTA DURANTE LA TRANSICIÓN PLEISTOCENO-HOLOCENO EN EL CENTRO-NORTE DE CHILE. Jackson, Donald; Méndez, César; Núñez, Lautaro; Jackson, Douglas // Boletín de Arqueología PUCP;2011, Issue 15, p315 

    We discuss faunal and contextual information of four late Pleistocene archaeological sites (Tagua Tagua 1 and 2, Quebrada Santa Julia, and Valiente) of Central-North Chile (~31° to 35° S). We synthesize available taxonomy, anatomical parts represented, evidences of anthropogenic marks,...

  • Beyond the drip-line: a high-resolution open-air Holocene hunter-gatherer sequence from highland Lesotho. Mitchell, Peter; Plug, Ina; Bailey, Geoff; Charles, Ruth; Esterhuysen, Amanda; Thorp, Julia Lee; Parker, Adrian; Woodborne, Stephan // Antiquity;Dec2011, Vol. 85 Issue 330, p1225 

    The activities of hunter-gatherers are often captured in rockshelters, but here the authors present a study of a riverside settlement outside one, with a rich sequence from 1300 BC to AD 800. Thanks to frequent flooding, periods of occupation were sealed and could be examined in situ. The...

  • The Enisei River of Central Siberia in the Late Pleistocene. Davis, Richard S. // Journal of Archaeological Research;Jun1998, Vol. 6 Issue 2, p169 

    Recent Paleolithic work along the middle Enisei River of central Siberia has revealed a long history of occupation that almost certainly begins in the Middle Pleistocene. Although the evidence for the Lower Paleolithic is somewhat tentative, there is good reason to believe that hunter-gatherers...

  • Climate Change and the Origin and Development of Rice Cultivation in the Yangtze River Basin, China. Yasuda, Yoshinori // AMBIO - A Journal of the Human Environment;Nov2008 Special Report, Vol. 37, p502 

    The forest hunter-gatherers of the middle Yangtze River basin, who were the first to invent pottery and led a sedentary lifestyle, may have begun to cultivate rice during the Bølling-Allerød interstadial global warming period. The earliest rice cultivation may have dated back to 14 000...

  • Movements in the Ancient World: Australia from Past to Present. Kinsela, Alethea // Agora;2014, Vol. 49 Issue 1, p47 

    The article presents a discussion of ancient Australia, adapted from the book "Ancient Australia Unearthed." Topics discussed include the migration of modern humans out of Africa, modern humans who interbred with Neanderthals, and evidence that some modern humans interbred with Denisovans. Also...

  • Diets in transition: Hunter-gatherer to station diet and station diet to the self-select store diet. Smith, Pamela A.; Smith, Richard M. // Human Ecology: An Interdisciplinary Journal;Mar99, Vol. 27 Issue 1, p115 

    Compares the diets which precede and follow each of the changes in the social circumstances of the Aboriginal people in the Kimberley region of Western Australia. Changes in the nutritional adequacy that accompanied each demographic change; Calculation of food consumption; Nature and nutritional...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics