TITLE

Online estimation of VFA, alkalinity and bicarbonate concentrations by electrical conductivity measurement during anaerobic fermentation

AUTHOR(S)
Aceves-Lara, Cesar-Arturo; Latrille, Eric; Conte, T.; Steyer, Jean-Philippe
PUB. DATE
April 2012
SOURCE
Water Science & Technology;2012, Vol. 65 Issue 7, p1281
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
This paper describes the use of electrical conductivity for measurement of volatile fatty acids (VFA), alkalinity and bicarbonate concentrations, during the anaerobic fermentation process. Two anaerobic continuous processes were studied: the first was a laboratory reactor for hydrogen production from molasses and the second was a pilot process for anaerobic digestion (AD) of vinasses producing methane. In the hydrogen production process, the total VFA concentration, but not bicarbonate concentration, was well estimated from the on-line electrical conductivity measurements with a simple linear regression model. In the methane production process, the bicarbonate concentration and the VFA concentration were well estimated from the simultaneous on-line measurements of pH and electrical conductivity by means of non-linear regression with neural network models. Moreover, the total alkalinity concentration was well estimated from electrical conductivity measurements with a simple linear regression model. This demonstrates the use of electrical conductivity for monitoring the AD processes.
ACCESSION #
73912963

 

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