TITLE

Academic work from a comparative perspective: a survey of faculty working time across 13 countries

AUTHOR(S)
Bentley, Peter; Kyvik, Svein
PUB. DATE
April 2012
SOURCE
Higher Education (00181560);Apr2012, Vol. 63 Issue 4, p529
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Sociological institutional theory views universities as model driven organizations. The world's stratification system promotes conformity, imitation and isomorphism towards the 'best' university models. Accordingly, academic roles may be locally shaped in minor ways, but are defined and measured explicitly in global terms. We test this proposition using data on the allocation of working time between academic tasks at research universities in thirteen countries: Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Finland, Germany, Hong Kong, Italy, Malaysia, Norway, UK, and the USA. We find that working time patterns differ significantly across countries, suggesting that conditions of academic work remain heavily dependent on national higher education traditions. Faculty members holding the highest professorial rank share more in common, with generally stronger interests in research and a greater time dedication to research over teaching. However, in countries with comparably steep academic hierarchies, professor positions typically entail significantly fewer teaching hours and more administration.
ACCESSION #
73165266

 

Related Articles

  • Black Faculty at Research Universities: Has Significant Progress Occurred? Modica, Jonathon L.; Mamiseishvili, Ketevan // Negro Educational Review;Spring-Winter2010, Vol. 61 Issue 1-4, p107 

    Changes in the representation, career advancement, and workplace perceptions of Black faculty at research universities in the United States over time, in comparison to White faculty were examined. Based on the analysis of data from the 1993, 1999, and 2004 National Study of Postsecondary Faculty...

  • Research for a knowledge society. von Gruenewaldt, Gerhard // Finance Week;07/21/2000, p44 

    Discusses the value and strengths of research support for higher education in South Africa. Public funding of research in higher education through state subsidy and parliamentary science vote; Creation of National Research Foundation (NRF); Function of NRF-managed Technology and Human Resource...

  • Organizational Segmentation and the Prestige Economy: Deprofessionalization in High- and Low-Resource Departments. Ochs Rosinger, Kelly; Taylor, Barrett J.; Coco, Lindsay; Slaughter, Sheila // Journal of Higher Education;Jan/Feb2016, Vol. 87 Issue 1, p27 

    Research often considers vertical stratification between U.S. higher education institutions. Yet differences also exist within higher education institutions, which we term "organizational segmentation." We understand organizational segmentation as a consequence of the external "prestige...

  • PROFSCAM. Hart, Jeffrey // National Review;4/21/1989, Vol. 41 Issue 7, p39 

    Discusses the failure to reward good teaching by professors. Importance of research and grantsmanship.

  • Individual Differences in Faculty Research Time Allocations Across 13 Countries. Bentley, Peter; Kyvik, Svein // Research in Higher Education;May2013, Vol. 54 Issue 3, p329 

    In research universities, research time is often too scarce to satiate the wishes of all faculty and must be allocated according to guidelines and principles. We examine self-reported research hours for full-time faculty at research universities in 13 countries (Argentina, Australia, Brazil,...

  • Getting Off The BurnOUT TRACK? Hamilton, Kendra // Diverse: Issues in Higher Education;11/17/2005, Vol. 22 Issue 20, p26 

    The article focuses on the growth of part-time and non-tenure track faculty in the higher education. The national percentage of full-time faculty and instructional staff at all types of academic institutions fell to 56 percent in 2003. The models of academic status have raised some significant...

  • A Study of the Teaching-Load in English Composition.  // Journal of Higher Education;Jun1936, Vol. 7 Issue 6, p328 

    The article presents the results of the investigation on the teaching-load of English instructors in universities and colleges in the U.S. The study shows that twelve was the average, the mode, and the median measure of the number of hours per week which English instructors of composition spent...

  • Gaps, collaboration, social pollution and reviews for policy.  // Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate & Practice;May2016, Vol. 12 Issue 2, p161 

    An introduction is presented in which the editor discusses various reports within the issue on topics including nature of research in academic institutions; co-production of research; and Human Immunodeficiency Virus.

  • Research productivity of foreign- and US-born faculty: differences by time on task. Webber, Karen // Higher Education;Nov2012, Vol. 64 Issue 5, p709 

    Similar to trends in postsecondary education across the world, today's US universities are an increasing mix of native and foreign-born scholars. US institutions are experiencing a growing number of international faculty members, but there is limited literature examining foreign-born faculty who...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics